lavaan-class: Class For Representing A (Fitted) Latent Variable Model

Description Objects from the Class Slots Methods References See Also Examples

Description

The lavaan class represents a (fitted) latent variable model. It contains a description of the model as specified by the user, a summary of the data, an internal matrix representation, and if the model was fitted, the fitting results.

Objects from the Class

Objects can be created via the cfa, sem, growth or lavaan functions.

Slots

version:

The lavaan package version used to create this objects

call:

The function call as returned by match.call().

timing:

The elapsed time (user+system) for various parts of the program as a list, including the total time.

Options:

Named list of options that were provided by the user, or filled-in automatically.

ParTable:

Named list describing the model parameters. Can be coerced to a data.frame. In the documentation, this is called the ‘parameter table’.

pta:

Named list containing parameter table attributes.

Data:

Object of internal class "Data": information about the data.

SampleStats:

Object of internal class "SampleStats": sample statistics

Model:

Object of internal class "Model": the internal (matrix) representation of the model

Cache:

List using objects that we try to compute only once, and reuse many times.

Fit:

Object of internal class "Fit": the results of fitting the model. No longer used.

boot:

List. Results and information about the bootstrap.

optim:

List. Information about the optimization.

loglik:

List. Information about the loglikelihood of the model (if maximum likelihood was used).

implied:

List. Model implied statistics.

vcov:

List. Information about the variance matrix (vcov) of the model parameters.

test:

List. Different test statistics.

h1:

List. Information about the unrestricted h1 model (if available).

baseline:

List. Information about a baseline model (often the independence model) (if available).

external:

List. Empty slot to be used by add-on packages.

Methods

coef

signature(object = "lavaan", type = "free"): Returns the estimates of the parameters in the model as a named numeric vector. If type="free", only the free parameters are returned. If type="user", all parameters listed in the parameter table are returned, including constrained and fixed parameters.

fitted.values

signature(object = "lavaan"): Returns the implied moments of the model as a list with two elements (per group): cov for the implied covariance matrix, and mean for the implied mean vector. If only the covariance matrix was analyzed, the implied mean vector will be zero.

fitted

signature(object = "lavaan"): an alias for fitted.values.

residuals

signature(object = "lavaan", type="raw"): If type = "raw", this function returns the raw (= unscaled) difference between the observed and the expected (model-implied) summary statistics. If type = "cor", or type = "cor.bollen", the observed and model implied covariance matrices are first transformed to a correlation matrix (using cov2cor()), before the residuals are computed. If type = "cor.bentler", both the observed and model implied covariance matrices are rescaled by dividing the elements by the square roots of the corresponding variances of the observed covariance matrix. If type="normalized", the residuals are divided by the square root of the asymptotic variance of the corresponding summary statistic (the variance estimate depends on the choice for the se argument). Unfortunately, the corresponding standard errors are too large, and this option is only available for historical interest. If type="standardized", the residuals are divided by the square root of the asymptotic variance of these residuals. The resulting standardized residuals elements can be interpreted as z-scores. If type="standardized.mplus", the residuals are divided by the square root of the asymptotic variance of these residuals. However, a simplified formula is used (see the Mplus reference below) which often results in negative estimates for the variances, resulting in many NA values for the standardized residuals.

resid

signature(object = "lavaan"): an alias for residuals

vcov

signature(object = "lavaan"): returns the covariance matrix of the estimated parameters.

predict

signature(object = "lavaan"): compute factor scores for all cases that are provided in the data frame. For complete data only.

anova

signature(object = "lavaan"): returns model comparison statistics. This method is just a wrapper around the function lavTestLRT. If only a single argument (a fitted model) is provided, this model is compared to the unrestricted model. If two or more arguments (fitted models) are provided, the models are compared in a sequential order. Test statistics are based on the likelihood ratio test. For more details and further options, see the lavTestLRT page.

update

signature(object = "lavaan", model, add, ..., evaluate=TRUE): update a fitted lavaan object and evaluate it (unless evaluate=FALSE). Note that we use the environment that is stored within the lavaan object, which is not necessarily the parent frame. The add argument is analogous to the one described in the lavTestScore page, and can be used to add parameters to the specified model rather than passing an entirely new model argument.

nobs

signature(object = "lavaan"): returns the effective number of observations used when fitting the model. In a multiple group analysis, this is the sum of all observations per group.

logLik

signature(object = "lavaan"): returns the log-likelihood of the fitted model, if maximum likelihood estimation was used. The AIC and BIC methods automatically work via logLik().

show

signature(object = "lavaan"): Print a short summary of the model fit

summary

signature(object = "lavaan", header = TRUE, fit.measures = FALSE, estimates = TRUE, ci = FALSE, fmi = FALSE, standardized = FALSE, cov.std = TRUE, rsquare = FALSE, std.nox = FALSE, modindices = FALSE, ci = FALSE, nd = 3L): Print a nice summary of the model estimates. If header = TRUE, the header section (including fit measures) is printed. If fit.measures = TRUE, additional fit measures are added to the header section. If estimates = TRUE, print the parameter estimates section. If ci = TRUE, add confidence intervals to the parameter estimates section. If fmi = TRUE, add the fmi (fraction of missing information) column, if it is available. If standardized=TRUE, the standardized solution is also printed. Note that SEs and tests are still based on unstandardized estimates. Use standardizedSolution to obtain SEs and test statistics for standardized estimates. If rsquare=TRUE, the R-Square values for the dependent variables in the model are printed. If std.nox = TRUE, the std.all column contains the the std.nox column from the parameterEstimates() output. If modindices=TRUE, modification indices are printed for all fixed parameters. The argument nd determines the number of digits after the decimal point to be printed (currently only in the parameter estimates section.) Nothing is returned (use lavInspect or another extractor function to extract information from a fitted model).

References

Yves Rosseel (2012). lavaan: An R Package for Structural Equation Modeling. Journal of Statistical Software, 48(2), 1-36. URL http://www.jstatsoft.org/v48/i02/.

Standardized Residuals in Mplus. Document retrieved from URL http://www.statmodel.com/download/StandardizedResiduals.pdf

See Also

cfa, sem, growth, fitMeasures, standardizedSolution, parameterEstimates, lavInspect, modindices

Examples

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HS.model <- ' visual  =~ x1 + x2 + x3
              textual =~ x4 + x5 + x6
              speed   =~ x7 + x8 + x9 '

fit <- cfa(HS.model, data=HolzingerSwineford1939)

summary(fit, standardized=TRUE, fit.measures=TRUE, rsquare=TRUE)
fitted(fit)
coef(fit)
resid(fit, type="normalized")

yrosseel/lavaan documentation built on Dec. 14, 2018, 6:24 p.m.