ANES contains political ideology survey data from the 1983 American National Election Survey Pilot. Respondents were read a value statement and asked
to report their level of agreement: ‘strongly agree’, ‘agree’, ‘can’t decide', ‘disagree’, and strongly disagree'.
The 279 complete responses to the 19 statements selected by Feldman (1988)
and reanalyzed by Gross and Manrique-Vallier (2014) are included. ‘Strongly disagree’ and ‘disagree’ as well
as ‘strongly agree’ and 'agree' have been collapsed into single categories.
0 indicates ‘agree’, 1 indicates ‘can’t decide', and 2
indicates ‘disagree’. The statements have been grouped into 3 overarching themes as
indicated in the variable names- Equality (EQ), Economic Individualism (IND), and Free Enterprise (ENT).
Variable ID's from the original ANES questionnaire are included in parentheses.
An example analysis of the data is included in the
"Fitting Mixed Membership Models Using
A data frame with 279 individuals and 19 variables:
If people were treated more equally in this country, we would have many fewer problems (V832169)
We should give up on the goal of equality, since people are so different to begin with (V832172)
Our society should do whatever is necessary to make sure that everyone has an equal opportunity to succeed (V832175)
Some people are just better cut out than others for important positions in society (V832178)
Some people are better at running things and should be allowed to do so (V832250)
All kinds of people should have an equal say in running this country, not just those who are successful (V832253)
One of the big problems in this country is that we don't give everyone an equal chance (V832256)
Any person who is willing to work hard has a good chance of succeeding (V832170)
Hard work offers little guarantee of success (V832173)
Most people who don't get ahead should not blame the system; they really have only themselves to blame (V832176)
Even if people are ambitious, they often cannot succeed (V832251)
If people work hard, they almost always get what they want (V832254)
Even if people try hard, they often cannot reach their goals (V832257)
The less government gets involved with business and the economy, the better off this country will be (V832171)
There are many goods and services that would never be available to ordinary people without governmental intervention (V832174)
There should be no government interference with business and trade (V832177)
Putting government regulations on business does not endanger personal freedom (V832252)
Government intervention leads to too much red tape and too many problems (V832255)
Contrary to what some people think, a free enterprise system is not necessary for our form of government to survive (V832258)
Feldman, Stanley. "Structure and consistency in public opinion: The role of core beliefs and values." American Journal of Political Science (1988): 416-440.
Gross, J.H. and Manrique-Vallier, D. "A Mixed-Membership Approach to the Assessment of Political Ideology from Survey Responses." in Airoldi, E. M., Blei, D. M., Erosheva, E. A., and Fienberg, S. E. Handbook of Mixed Membership Models and Its Applications. Chapman & Hall/CRC, 2014
National Election Studies, 1983 Pilot Election Study. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Center for Political Studies, 1999
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