Constructed Variable for Box-Cox Transformation

Description

Computes a constructed variable for the Box-Cox transformation of the response variable in a linear model.

Usage

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boxCoxVariable(y)

Arguments

y

response variable.

Details

The constructed variable is defined as y[log(y/y') -1], where y' is the geometric mean of y.

The constructed variable is meant to be added to the right-hand-side of the linear model. The t-test for the coefficient of the constructed variable is an approximate score test for whether a transformation is required.

If b is the coefficient of the constructed variable, then an estimate of the normalizing power transformation based on the score statistic is 1 - b. An added-variable plot for the constructed variable shows leverage and influence on the decision to transform y.

Value

a numeric vector of the same length as y.

Author(s)

John Fox jfox@mcmaster.ca

References

Atkinson, A. C. (1985) Plots, Transformations, and Regression. Oxford.

Box, G. E. P. and Cox, D. R. (1964) An analysis of transformations. JRSS B 26 211–246.

Fox, J. (2008) Applied Regression Analysis and Generalized Linear Models, Second Edition. Sage.

Fox, J. and Weisberg, S. (2011) An R Companion to Applied Regression, Second Edition, Sage.

See Also

boxcox, powerTransform, bcPower

Examples

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mod <- lm(interlocks + 1 ~ assets, data=Ornstein)
mod.aux <- update(mod, . ~ . + boxCoxVariable(interlocks + 1))
summary(mod.aux)
# avPlots(mod.aux, "boxCoxVariable(interlocks + 1)")

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