Death Penalty and Race

Description

A famous example of Simpson's paradox.

Usage

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Format

A data frame with 326 observations. The factors are coded more succinctly in deathPen, but otherwise the data are the same.

DeathPenalty

a factor with levels Yes No

Penalty

a factor with levels Death Not

Victim

a factor with levels Black White (or Bl Wh)

Defendant

a factor with levels Black White (or Bl Wh)

Source

Radelet, M. (1981). Racial characteristics and imposition of the death penalty. American Sociological Review, 46:918–927.

Examples

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xtabs(~Defendant+Penalty,deathPenalty)
xtabs(~Defendant+Victim+Penalty,deathPenalty)

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