varimp: Variable Importance

Description Usage Arguments Details Value References Examples

View source: R/varimp.R

Description

Standard and conditional variable importance for ‘cforest’, following the permutation principle of the ‘mean decrease in accuracy’ importance in ‘randomForest’.

Usage

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## S3 method for class 'constparty'
varimp(object, nperm = 1L, 
       risk = c("loglik", "misclassification"), conditions = NULL,
       mincriterion = 0, ...)
## S3 method for class 'cforest'
varimp(object, nperm = 1L, 
       OOB = TRUE, risk = c("loglik", "misclassification"),
       conditional = FALSE, threshold = .2, ...)

Arguments

object

an object as returned by cforest.

mincriterion

the value of the test statistic or 1 - p-value that must be exceeded in order to include a split in the computation of the importance. The default mincriterion = 0 guarantees that all splits are included.

conditional

a logical determining whether unconditional or conditional computation of the importance is performed.

threshold

the value of the test statistic or 1 - p-value of the association between the variable of interest and a covariate that must be exceeded inorder to include the covariate in the conditioning scheme for the variable of interest (only relevant if conditional = TRUE).

nperm

the number of permutations performed.

OOB

a logical determining whether the importance is computed from the out-of-bag sample or the learning sample (not suggested).

risk

a character determining the risk to be evaluated.

conditions

a list of conditions.

...

additional arguments, not used.

Details

NEEDS UPDATE

Function varimp can be used to compute variable importance measures similar to those computed by importance. Besides the standard version, a conditional version is available, that adjusts for correlations between predictor variables.

If conditional = TRUE, the importance of each variable is computed by permuting within a grid defined by the covariates that are associated (with 1 - p-value greater than threshold) to the variable of interest. The resulting variable importance score is conditional in the sense of beta coefficients in regression models, but represents the effect of a variable in both main effects and interactions. See Strobl et al. (2008) for details.

Note, however, that all random forest results are subject to random variation. Thus, before interpreting the importance ranking, check whether the same ranking is achieved with a different random seed – or otherwise increase the number of trees ntree in ctree_control.

Note that in the presence of missings in the predictor variables the procedure described in Hapfelmeier et al. (2012) is performed.

Value

A vector of ‘mean decrease in accuracy’ importance scores.

References

Leo Breiman (2001). Random Forests. Machine Learning, 45(1), 5–32.

Alexander Hapfelmeier, Torsten Hothorn, Kurt Ulm, and Carolin Strobl (2012). A New Variable Importance Measure for Random Forests with Missing Data. Statistics and Computing, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11222-012-9349-1

Torsten Hothorn, Kurt Hornik, and Achim Zeileis (2006b). Unbiased Recursive Partitioning: A Conditional Inference Framework. Journal of Computational and Graphical Statistics, 15 (3), 651-674. Preprint available from http://statmath.wu-wien.ac.at/~zeileis/papers/Hothorn+Hornik+Zeileis-2006.pdf

Carolin Strobl, Anne-Laure Boulesteix, Thomas Kneib, Thomas Augustin, and Achim Zeileis (2008). Conditional Variable Importance for Random Forests. BMC Bioinformatics, 9, 307. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2105/9/307

Examples

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   set.seed(290875)
   data("readingSkills", package = "party")
   readingSkills.cf <- cforest(score ~ ., data = readingSkills, 
                               mtry = 2, ntree = 50)

   # standard importance
   varimp(readingSkills.cf)

   # conditional importance, may take a while...
   varimp(readingSkills.cf, conditional = TRUE)

partykit documentation built on May 31, 2017, 3:38 a.m.