PVQ40: Portrait Value Questionnaire

Description Usage Format Details References See Also Examples

Description

The PVQ40 (Schwartz et al., 1999) consists of 40 items, each a short portrait of one person. For example, to measure power, the PVQ includes two portraits (male/female versions): It is important to him to be rich. He wants to have a lot of money and expensive things. It is important to him to get respect from others. He wants people to do what he says. Respondents indicate on 6-point bipolar rating scale (1 ... not at all like me, 6 ... very much like me) the degree to which the description also fits himself/herself. Gender and age of the participants are added as attributes.

Usage

1

Format

PVQ40 data of 151 adults from various states in the USA:

sd1-sd4: self-direction

po1-po3: power

un1-un6: universalism

ac1-ac4: achievement

se1-se5: security

st1-st3: stimulation

co1-co4: conformity

tr1-tr4: tradition

he1-he3: hedonism

be1-be4: benevolence

Age and Gender are added as attributes.

Details

PVQ40agg is an aggregated version of PVQ40 where the item scores belonging to the same value are averaged. Abbreviations: power (PO), achievement (AC), hedonism (HE), stimulation (ST), self-direction (SD), universalism (UN), benevolence (BE), tradition (TR), conformity (CO), security (SE).

References

Borg, I., Bardi, A., & Schwartz, S. H. (2017). Does the value circle exist within persons or only across persons? Journal of Personality, 85(2), 151-162.

See Also

indvalues

Examples

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2
3
4
5
str(PVQ40)
head(PVQ40)
attr(PVQ40, "Gender")
attr(PVQ40, "Age")
str(PVQ40agg)

Example output

Loading required package: plotrix
'data.frame':	151 obs. of  40 variables:
 $ sd1: int  2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 2 ...
 $ po1: int  4 3 6 4 4 4 5 5 4 4 ...
 $ un1: int  1 2 1 2 1 3 5 1 3 1 ...
 $ ac1: int  4 2 5 2 3 4 2 4 3 5 ...
 $ se1: int  1 2 4 3 2 3 1 4 2 1 ...
 $ st1: int  5 2 3 2 3 1 4 1 3 2 ...
 $ co1: int  1 1 4 2 4 5 5 5 3 3 ...
 $ un2: int  3 1 2 3 3 2 4 1 2 1 ...
 $ tr3: int  4 3 3 2 5 2 1 4 4 4 ...
 $ he1: int  4 2 5 2 3 4 4 3 2 3 ...
 $ sd2: int  1 2 2 2 2 2 1 NA 1 3 ...
 $ be1: int  4 3 1 2 2 3 5 1 2 1 ...
 $ ac2: int  4 2 6 3 2 4 5 5 4 5 ...
 $ se2: int  2 2 4 2 2 3 4 5 2 5 ...
 $ st2: int  5 2 5 2 3 5 5 5 3 4 ...
 $ co2: int  1 3 4 4 4 4 6 5 2 4 ...
 $ po2: int  6 2 6 4 5 2 3 4 4 6 ...
 $ be2: int  3 1 2 2 3 3 3 2 1 1 ...
 $ un3: int  3 2 3 2 1 1 1 2 1 3 ...
 $ tr4: int  2 3 5 3 3 5 6 6 6 6 ...
 $ se3: int  4 3 3 4 2 4 6 2 2 2 ...
 $ sd3: int  3 2 2 2 2 1 1 NA 1 3 ...
 $ un4: int  2 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 1 1 ...
 $ ac3: int  4 2 5 2 2 2 4 4 2 2 ...
 $ tr1: int  4 3 4 4 3 5 3 5 2 3 ...
 $ he2: int  2 2 5 3 3 4 4 4 3 6 ...
 $ be3: int  3 3 2 2 2 3 5 3 2 3 ...
 $ co3: int  1 2 2 5 2 3 5 4 2 4 ...
 $ un5: int  1 2 1 2 1 3 5 1 3 1 ...
 $ st3: int  4 1 5 2 3 4 3 4 1 4 ...
 $ se4: int  1 3 2 2 1 1 1 3 2 2 ...
 $ ac4: int  6 2 5 4 3 4 4 4 4 4 ...
 $ be4: int  4 2 3 3 4 4 6 2 3 3 ...
 $ sd4: int  1 1 1 2 3 1 1 2 1 1 ...
 $ se5: int  2 2 3 4 2 3 4 3 1 3 ...
 $ co4: int  1 2 4 2 2 2 4 3 1 2 ...
 $ he3: int  4 1 5 2 2 4 5 3 1 1 ...
 $ tr2: int  1 2 4 2 4 2 2 4 2 3 ...
 $ po3: int  5 2 4 3 5 2 3 4 4 5 ...
 $ un6: int  4 2 4 2 2 1 1 3 3 6 ...
 - attr(*, "Gender")= int  2 1 2 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 ...
 - attr(*, "Age")= int  59 31 59 24 33 45 46 31 47 28 ...
  sd1 po1 un1 ac1 se1 st1 co1 un2 tr3 he1 sd2 be1 ac2 se2 st2 co2 po2 be2 un3
1   2   4   1   4   1   5   1   3   4   4   1   4   4   2   5   1   6   3   3
2   1   3   2   2   2   2   1   1   3   2   2   3   2   2   2   3   2   1   2
3   3   6   1   5   4   3   4   2   3   5   2   1   6   4   5   4   6   2   3
4   2   4   2   2   3   2   2   3   2   2   2   2   3   2   2   4   4   2   2
5   3   4   1   3   2   3   4   3   5   3   2   2   2   2   3   4   5   3   1
6   1   4   3   4   3   1   5   2   2   4   2   3   4   3   5   4   2   3   1
  tr4 se3 sd3 un4 ac3 tr1 he2 be3 co3 un5 st3 se4 ac4 be4 sd4 se5 co4 he3 tr2
1   2   4   3   2   4   4   2   3   1   1   4   1   6   4   1   2   1   4   1
2   3   3   2   2   2   3   2   3   2   2   1   3   2   2   1   2   2   1   2
3   5   3   2   2   5   4   5   2   2   1   5   2   5   3   1   3   4   5   4
4   3   4   2   2   2   4   3   2   5   2   2   2   4   3   2   4   2   2   2
5   3   2   2   1   2   3   3   2   2   1   3   1   3   4   3   2   2   2   4
6   5   4   1   2   2   5   4   3   3   3   4   1   4   4   1   3   2   4   2
  po3 un6
1   5   4
2   2   2
3   4   4
4   3   2
5   5   2
6   2   1
  [1] 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 2
 [38] 2 2 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 2 2 1 1 2 2 1 1
 [75] 1 1 2 1 1 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 1 2 1 2 2 1 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 1
[112] 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 2 2 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 2 1 2 2
[149] 2 2 2
  [1] 59 31 59 24 33 45 46 31 47 28 60 39 59 24 38 33 27 27 51 54 36 48 28 40 20
 [26] 26 19 39 38 40 32 37 18 39 36 35 75 37 30 55 25 33 22 22 35 27 19 50 24 28
 [51] 31 60 22 18 23 22 28 48 58 62 27 28 39 34 57 37 19 39 26 49 22 58 23 18 19
 [76] 54 19 32 27 26 22 36 30 56 39 43 34 74 31 61 18 32 32 27 21 51 20 43 23 37
[101] 57 31 30 44 24 37 46 22 33 33 26 44 26 24 21 31 35 35 32 26 42 21 22 56 24
[126] 53 32 28 42 35 49 25 42 36 25 28 51 23 21 60 53 30 26 55 51 30 51 20 51 37
[151] 23
 num [1:151, 1:10] 1.5 2 4 2.5 2 3 2.5 4.5 2 3 ...
 - attr(*, "dimnames")=List of 2
  ..$ : chr [1:151] "1" "2" "3" "4" ...
  ..$ : chr [1:10] "SE" "CO" "TR" "BE" ...
 - attr(*, "Gender")= int [1:151] 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 ...
 - attr(*, "Age")= int [1:151] 59 31 59 24 33 45 46 31 47 28 ...

smacof documentation built on Feb. 11, 2021, 3 a.m.