Generate Parameters

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Description

Generate statistics from a fingerprint database for use in caluclating z-scores, E-values, and p-values later.

Usage

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	genParameters(fpset, similarity = fpSim, sampleFraction = 1, ...)

Arguments

fpset

The database of fingerprints. Needs to be in the format expected by the similarity function. For the default similarity function, this would be an FPset.

similarity

A function to compute the similarity between two fingerprints. The first argument should be a single query and the second argument should be a set of fingerprints.

sampleFraction

The fraction of all pairs to use for estimating parameters. See Details section.

...

Extra parameters will be passed on to the similarity function.

Details

A beta function will be fit to the distribution of similarity scores produced by the given similarity function. By default, all pairwise similarities will be computed. Since this can be expensive for large databases, one can also sample pairs to use. This can be done by setting sampleFraction to the fraction of all pairwise similarities to use. For example, for a database of 100 fingerprints, there are 10,000 pairs. Setting sampleFraction to 0.5 will result in only 5,000 pairs being used to estimate the parameters.

Parameters are conditioned on the number of set bits. This function therefore groups fingerprints by the number of set bits they have and then estimates parameters for each group. A set of global parameters is also estimated and returned for use in cases where there was not enough data to estimate the parameters for a particular number of set bits.

Value

A data frame with the following columns:

count

The number of similarities used to estimate these parameters

avg

the mean

variance

the variance

alpha

The alpha paramber of the Beta function

beta

The beta parameter of the Beta function

There will be a row for each possible count of 1 bits. So for a database of 1024 bit fingerprints, there will be 1025 rows for the possible values of 0-1024 bits. There will also be one additional row at the end with the global parameters. This can be used for cases where there are no parameters estimated for the current query 1-bit count.

Author(s)

Kevin Horan

References

Pierre Baldi and Ramzi Nasr, "When is Chemical Similarity Significant? The Statistical Distribution of Chemical Similarity Scores and Its Extreme Values" Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling 2010 50 (7), 1205-1222

See Also

fpSim

Examples

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	library(ChemmineR)
	data(apset)
	fpset=desc2fp(apset) #get a fingerprint database

	params = genParameters(fpset)
	scores = fpSim(fpset[[1]],fpset,parameters=params,top=10)

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