aat_bootstrap: Compute bootstrapped approach-bias scores

Description Usage Arguments Value Author(s) Examples

View source: R/AATtools.R

Description

Compute bootstrapped approach-bias scores with confidence intervals.

Usage

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
aat_bootstrap(
  ds,
  subjvar,
  pullvar,
  targetvar = NULL,
  rtvar,
  iters,
  algorithm = c("aat_doublemeandiff", "aat_doublemediandiff", "aat_dscore",
    "aat_dscore_multiblock", "aat_regression", "aat_standardregression",
    "aat_doublemeanquotient", "aat_doublemedianquotient", "aat_singlemeandiff",
    "aat_singlemediandiff"),
  trialdropfunc = c("prune_nothing", "trial_prune_3SD", "trial_prune_SD_dropcases",
    "trial_recode_SD", "trial_prune_percent_subject", "trial_prune_percent_sample"),
  errortrialfunc = c("prune_nothing", "error_replace_blockmeanplus",
    "error_prune_dropcases"),
  plot = TRUE,
  include.raw = FALSE,
  parallel = TRUE,
  ...
)

## S3 method for class 'aat_bootstrap'
print(x, ...)

## S3 method for class 'aat_bootstrap'
plot(x, ...)

Arguments

ds

a longformat data.frame

subjvar

Quoted name of the participant identifier column

pullvar

Quoted name of the column indicating pull trials. Pull trials should either be represented by 1, or by the second level of a factor.

targetvar

Name of the column indicating trials featuring the target stimulus. Target stimuli should either be represented by 1, or by the second level of a factor.

rtvar

Name of the reaction time column.

iters

Total number of desired iterations. At least 200 are required to get confidence intervals that make sense.

algorithm

Function (without brackets or quotes) to be used to compute AAT scores. See Algorithms for a list of usable algorithms.

trialdropfunc

Function (without brackets or quotes) to be used to exclude outlying trials in each half. The way you handle outliers for the reliability computation should mimic the way you do it in your regular analyses. It is recommended to exclude outlying trials when computing AAT scores using the mean double-dfference scores and regression scoring approaches, but not when using d-scores or median double-difference scores.

  • prune_nothing excludes no trials (default)

  • trial_prune_3SD excludes trials deviating more than 3SD from the mean per participant.

  • trial_prune_SD_dropcases removes trials deviating more than a specific number of standard deviations from the participant's mean, and removes participants with an excessive percentage of outliers. Required arguments:

    • trialsd - trials deviating more than trialsd standard deviations from the participant's mean are excluded (optional; default is 3)

    • maxoutliers - participants with a higher percentage of outliers are removed from the data. (optional; default is .15)

  • trial_recode_SD recodes outlying reaction times to the nearest non-outlying value, with outliers defined as reaction times deviating more than a certain number of standard deviations from the participant's mean. Required argument:

    • trialsd - trials deviating more than this many standard deviations from the mean are classified as outliers.

  • trial_prune_percent_subject and trial_prune_percent_sample remove trials below and/or above certain percentiles, on a subject-by-subject basis or sample-wide, respectively. The following arguments are available:

    • lowerpercent and uppperpercent (optional; defaults are .01 and .99).

errortrialfunc

Function (without brackets or quotes) to apply to an error trial.

  • prune_nothing removes no errors (default).

  • error_replace_blockmeanplus replaces error trial reaction times with the block mean, plus an arbitrary extra quantity. If used, the following additional arguments are required:

    • blockvar - Quoted name of the block variable (mandatory)

    • errorvar - Quoted name of the error variable, where errors are 1 or TRUE and correct trials are 0 or FALSE (mandatory)

    • errorbonus - Amount to add to the reaction time of error trials. Default is 0.6 (recommended by Greenwald, Nosek, & Banaji, 2003)

  • error_prune_dropcases removes errors and drops participants if they have more errors than a given percentage. The following arguments are available:

    • errorvar - Quoted name of the error variable, where errors are 1 or TRUE and correct trials are 0 or FALSE (mandatory)

    • maxerrors - participants with a higher percentage of errors are excluded from the dataset. Default is .15.

plot

Plot the bias scores and their confidence intervals after computation is complete. This gives a good overview of the data.

include.raw

logical indicating whether raw split-half data should be included in the output object.

parallel

If TRUE (default), will use parallel computing to compute results faster. If a doParallel backend has not been registered beforehand, this function will register a cluster and stop it after finishing, which takes some extra time.

...

Other arguments, to be passed on to the algorithm or outlier rejection functions (see arguments above)

x

An aat_bootstrap object.

Value

A list, containing bootstrapped bias scores, their variance, bootstrapped 95 percent confidence intervals, the number of iterations, and a matrix of bias scores for each iteration.

Author(s)

Sercan Kahveci

Examples

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
# Compute 10 bootstrapped AAT scores.
boot<-aat_bootstrap(ds=erotica[erotica$is_irrelevant==0,], subjvar="subject",
                    pullvar="is_pull", targetvar="is_target",rtvar="RT",
                    iters=10,algorithm="aat_doublemediandiff",
                    trialdropfunc="trial_prune_3SD",
                    plot=FALSE, parallel=FALSE)
plot(boot)
print(boot)

AATtools documentation built on July 1, 2020, 8:45 p.m.