Description Usage Arguments Details Value References See Also Examples

Model fitting using normalized power priors for two groups (treatment and control group, no covariates) with random *a_0*

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 | ```
two.grp.random.a0(
data.type,
y.c,
n.c,
v.c,
historical,
prior.mu.c.shape1 = 1,
prior.mu.c.shape2 = 1,
prior.a0.shape1 = 1,
prior.a0.shape2 = 1,
lower.limits = rep(0, 10),
upper.limits = rep(1, 10),
slice.widths = rep(0.1, 10),
nMC = 10000,
nBI = 250
)
``` |

`data.type` |
Character string specifying the type of response. The options are "Normal", "Bernoulli", "Poisson" and "Exponential". |

`y.c` |
Sum of responses for the control group. |

`n.c` |
Sample size of the control group. |

`v.c` |
(For normal data only) sample variance of responses for the control group. |

`historical` |
Matrix of historical dataset(s). If The first column contains the sum of responses for the control group. The second column contains the sample size of the control group. The third column contains the sample variance of responses for the control group.
For all other data types, The first column contains the sum of responses for the control group. The second column contains the sample size of the control group.
Each row represents a historical dataset. |

`prior.mu.c.shape1` |
First hyperparameter of the initial prior for |

`prior.mu.c.shape2` |
Second hyperparameter of the initial prior for |

`prior.a0.shape1` |
First shape parameter of the beta prior for |

`prior.a0.shape2` |
Second shape parameter of the beta prior for |

`lower.limits` |
Vector of lower limits for parameters to be used by the slice sampler. The length of the vector should be equal to the number of historical datasets. The default is 0 for all parameters (may not be appropriate for all situations). |

`upper.limits` |
Vector of upper limits for parameters to be used by the slice sampler. The length of the vector should be equal to the number of historical datasets. The default is 1 for all parameters (may not be appropriate for all situations). |

`slice.widths` |
Vector of initial slice widths used by the slice sampler. The length of the vector should be equal to the number of historical datasets. The default is 0.1 for all parameter (may not be appropriate for all situations). |

`nMC` |
Number of iterations (excluding burn-in samples) for the slice sampler or Gibbs sampler. The default is 10,000. |

`nBI` |
Number of burn-in samples for the slice sampler or Gibbs sampler. The default is 250. |

If `data.type`

is "Bernoulli", "Poisson" or "Exponential", a single response from the treatment group is assumed to follow Bern(*μ_t*), Pois(*μ_t*) or Exp(rate=*μ_t*), respectively,
where *μ_t* is the mean of responses for the treatment group. If `data.type`

is "Normal", a single response from the treatment group is assumed to follow *N(μ_t, τ^{-1})*
where *τ* is the precision parameter.
The distributional assumptions for the control group data are analogous.

If `data.type`

is "Bernoulli", the initial prior for *μ_t* is beta(`prior.mu.t.shape1`

, `prior.mu.t.shape2`

).
If `data.type`

is "Poisson", the initial prior for *μ_t* is Gamma(`prior.mu.t.shape1`

, rate=`prior.mu.t.shape2`

).
If `data.type`

is "Exponential", the initial prior for *μ_t* is Gamma(`prior.mu.t.shape1`

, rate=`prior.mu.t.shape2`

).
The initial priors used for the control group data are analogous.

If `data.type`

is "Normal", historical datasets are assumed to have the same precision parameter *τ* as the current dataset for computational simplicity.
The initial prior for *τ* is the Jeffery's prior, *τ^{-1}*. The initial prior for the *μ_c* is the uniform improper prior.
Posterior samples of *μ_c* and *τ* are obtained through Gibbs sampling.

Posterior samples of *a_0* are obtained through slice sampling. The default lower limits for the parameters are 0. The default upper limits
for the parameters are 1. The default slice widths for the parameters are 0.1.
The defaults may not be appropriate for all situations, and the user can specify the appropriate limits
and slice width for each parameter.

If `data.type`

is "Normal", posterior samples of *μ_c*, *τ* and *a_0* are returned.
For all other data types, posterior samples of *μ* and *a_0* are returned. If there are *K* historical datasets,
then *a_0 = (a_{01},\cdots,a_{0K})*.

Neal, Radford M. Slice sampling. Ann. Statist. 31 (2003), no. 3, 705–767.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 | ```
data.type <- "Bernoulli"
y.c <- 70
n.c <- 100
# Simulate three historical datasets
historical <- matrix(0, ncol=2, nrow=3)
historical[1,] <- c(70, 100)
historical[2,] <- c(60, 100)
historical[3,] <- c(50, 100)
# Set parameters of the slice sampler
lower.limits <- rep(0, 3) # The dimension is the number of historical datasets
upper.limits <- rep(1, 3)
slice.widths <- rep(0.1, 3)
result <- two.grp.random.a0(data.type=data.type, y.c=y.c, n.c=n.c, historical=historical,
lower.limits=lower.limits, upper.limits=upper.limits,
slice.widths=slice.widths, nMC=10000, nBI=250)
``` |

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