rates: Declustering Probabilities, Background Seismicity Rate and...

Description Usage Arguments Details Value Author(s) References See Also Examples

View source: R/rates.R

Description

Functions to estimate the declustering probabilities, background seismicity rate and clustering (triggering) coefficient for a fitted ETAS model.

Usage

1
2
3
  probs(fit)
  rates(fit, lat.range = NULL, long.range = NULL,
        dimyx=NULL, plot.it=TRUE)

Arguments

fit

A fitted ETAS model. An object of class "etas".

lat.range

Latitude range of the rectangular grid. A numeric vector of length 2.

long.range

Longitude range of the rectangular grid. A numeric vector of length 2.

dimyx

Dimensions of the rectangular discretization grid for the geographical study region. A numeric vector of length 2.

plot.it

Logical flag indicating whether to plot the rates or return them as pixel images.

Details

The function probs returns estimates of the declustering probabilities

p[j] = 1 - mu(x[j], y[j])/lambda(t[j], x[j], y[j]|H_t[j])

where 1-p[j] is the probability that event j is a background event.

The function rates returns kernel estimate of the background seismicity rate mu(x,y) and the clustering (triggering) coefficient

omega(x,y)=1-mu(x,y)/Lambda(x,y)

where Lambda(x,y) is the total spatial intensity function.

The argument dimyx determines the rectangular discretization grid dimensions. If it is given, then it must be a numeric vector of length 2 where the first component dimyx[1] is the number of subdivisions in the y-direction (latitude) and the second component dimyx[2] is the number of subdivisions in the x-direction (longitude).

Value

If plot.it=TRUE, the function produces plots of the background seismicity and total spatial rate, clustering coefficient and conditional intensity function at the end of study period.

If plot.it=FALSE, it returns a list with components

Author(s)

Abdollah Jalilian jalilian@razi.ac.ir

References

Zhuang J, Ogata Y, Vere-Jones D (2002). Stochastic Declustering of Space-Time Earthquake Occurrences. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 97(458), 369–380. doi:10.1198/016214502760046925.

Zhuang J, Ogata Y, Vere-Jones D (2006). Diagnostic Analysis of Space-Time Branching Processes for Earthquakes. In Case Studies in Spatial Point Process Modeling, pp. 275–292. Springer Nature. doi:10.1007/0-387-31144-0_15.

Zhuang J (2011). Next-day Earthquake Forecasts for the Japan Region Generated by the ETAS Model. Earth, Planets and Space, 63(3), 207–216. doi:10.5047/eps.2010.12.010.

See Also

etas

Examples

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
  # preparing the catalog
  iran.cat <- catalog(iran.quakes, time.begin="1973/01/01",
     study.start="1996/01/01", study.end="2016/01/01",
     lat.range=c(25, 42), long.range=c(42, 63), mag.threshold=4.5)

  print(iran.cat)
  ## Not run: 
  plot(iran.cat)
## End(Not run)

  # initial parameters values
  param01 <- c(0.46, 0.23, 0.022, 2.8, 1.12, 0.012, 2.4, 0.35)

  # fitting the model and
  ## Not run: 
  iran.fit <- etas(iran.cat, param0=param01)
## End(Not run)

  # estimating the declustering probabilities
  ## Not run: 
  pr <- probs(iran.fit)
  plot(iran.cat$longlat.coord[,1:2], cex=2 * (1 - pr$prob))
## End(Not run)

  # estimating the  background seismicity rate and clustering coefficient
  ## Not run: 
  rates(iran.fit, dimyx=c(100, 125))
  iran.rates <- rates(iran.fit, dimyx=c(200, 250), plot.it=FALSE)
  summary(iran.rates$background)
## End(Not run)

ETAS documentation built on July 6, 2017, 5:02 p.m.

Related to rates in ETAS...