Beta_ab: The four-parameter beta distribution.

Description Usage Arguments Details Value Author(s) References See Also Examples

Description

Density, distribution, quantile, random number generation, and parameter estimation functions for the 4-parameter beta distribution. Parameter estimation can be based on a weighted or unweighted i.i.d sample and can be performed numerically.

Usage

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dBeta_ab(x, shape1 = 2, shape2 = 3, a = 0, b = 1,
  params = list(shape1, shape2, a, b), ...)

pBeta_ab(q, shape1 = 2, shape2 = 3, a = 0, b = 1, params = list(shape1
  = 2, shape2 = 5, a = 0, b = 1), ...)

qBeta_ab(p, shape1 = 2, shape2 = 3, a = 0, b = 1, params = list(shape1
  = 2, shape2 = 5, a = 0, b = 1), ...)

rBeta_ab(n, shape1 = 2, shape2 = 3, a = 0, b = 1,
  params = list(shape1, shape2, a, b), ...)

eBeta_ab(X, w, method = "numerical.MLE", ...)

lBeta_ab(X, w, shape1 = 2, shape2 = 3, a = 0, b = 1,
  params = list(shape1, shape2, a, b), logL = TRUE, ...)

sBeta_ab(X, w, shape1 = 2, shape2 = 3, a = 0, b = 1,
  params = list(shape1, shape2, a, b), ...)

Arguments

x,q

A vector of quantiles.

shape1,shape2

Shape parameters.

a,b

Boundary parameters.

params

A list that includes all named parameters.

...

Additional parameters.

p

A vector of probabilities.

n

Number of observations.

X

Sample observations.

w

An optional vector of sample weights.

method

Parameter estimation method.

logL

logical; if TRUE, lBeta_ab gives the log-likelihood, otherwise the likelihood is given.

Details

The dBeta_ab(), pBeta_ab(), qBeta_ab(),and rBeta_ab() functions serve as wrappers of the standard dbeta, pbeta, qbeta and rbeta functions in the stats package.They allow for the parameters to be declared not only as individual numerical values, but also as a list so parameter estimation can be carried out.

The four-parameter beta distribution with parameters shape1=p, shape2=q, a = a and b=b has probability density function

f(x) = \frac{1}{B(p,q)} \frac{(x-a)^{(p-1)})(b-x)^{(q-1)}}{((b-a)^{(p+q-1)}))}

with p >0, q > 0, a ≤q x ≤q b and where B is the beta function, Johnson et.al (p.210).

The log-likelihood function of the four-parameter beta distribution is

l(p,q,a,b| x) = -ln B(p,q) + ((p-1) ln (x-a) + (q-1) ln (b-x)) - (p + q -1) ln (b-a).

Johnson et.al (p.226) provides the Fisher's information matrix of the four-parameter beta distribution in the regular case where p,q > 2.

Value

dBeta_ab gives the density, pBeta_ab the distribution function, qBeta_ab the quantile function, rBeta_ab generates random deviates, and eBeta_ab estimates the parameters. lBeta_ab provides the log-likelihood function, sBeta_ab the observed score function and iBeta_ab the observed information matrix.

Author(s)

Haizhen Wu and A. Jonathan R. Godfrey
Updates and bug fixes by Sarah Pirikahu.

References

Johnson, N. L., Kotz, S. and Balakrishnan, N. (1995) Continuous Univariate Distributions, volume 2, chapter 25, Wiley, New York.

Bury, K. (1999) Statistical Distributions in Engineering, Chapter 14, pp.261-262, Cambridge University Press.

See Also

ExtDist for other standard distributions.

Examples

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# Parameter estimation for a distribution with known shape parameters
X <- rBeta_ab(n=500, shape1=2, shape2=5, a=1, b=2)
est.par <- eBeta_ab(X); est.par
plot(est.par)

# Fitted density curve and histogram
den.x <- seq(min(X),max(X),length=100)
den.y <- dBeta_ab(den.x,params = est.par)
hist(X, breaks=10, probability=TRUE, ylim = c(0,1.1*max(den.y)))
lines(den.x, den.y, col="blue")   # Original data
lines(density(X), lty=2)          # Fitted density curve

# Extracting boundary and shape parameters
est.par[attributes(est.par)$par.type=="boundary"]
est.par[attributes(est.par)$par.type=="shape"]

# Parameter Estimation for a distribution with unknown shape parameters
# Example from: Bury(1999) pp.261-262, parameter estimates as given by Bury are
# shape1 = 4.088, shape2 = 10.417, a = 1.279 and b = 2.407.
# The log-likelihood for this data and Bury's parameter estimates is 8.598672.
data <- c(1.73, 1.5, 1.56, 1.89, 1.54, 1.68, 1.39, 1.64, 1.49, 1.43, 1.68, 1.61, 1.62)
est.par <- eBeta_ab(X=data, method="numerical.MLE");est.par
plot(est.par)

# Estimates calculated by eBeta_ab differ from those given by Bury(1999).
# However, eBeta_ab's parameter estimates appear to be an improvement, due to a larger
# log-likelihood of 9.295922 (as given by lBeta_ab below).

# log-likelihood and score functions
lBeta_ab(data,param = est.par)
sBeta_ab(data,param = est.par)

Example output

Attaching package: 'ExtDist'

The following object is masked from 'package:stats':

    BIC


Parameters for the Beta_ab distribution. 
(found using the  numerical.MLE method.)

 Parameter     Type Estimate
    shape1    shape 1.670369
    shape2    shape 2.821016
         a boundary 1.001889
         b boundary 1.763723


$a
[1] 1.001889

$b
[1] 1.763723

$shape1
[1] 1.670369

$shape2
[1] 2.821016

Error in eigen(nhatend) : infinite or missing values in 'x'

Parameters for the Beta_ab distribution. 
(found using the  numerical.MLE method.)

 Parameter     Type Estimate
    shape1    shape 1.000000
    shape2    shape 1.554651
         a boundary 1.390000
         b boundary 1.922278


[1] 9.295922
       shape1        shape2             a             b 
-1.867808e+01 -2.761777e-05  2.034795e+01  3.820333e-04 

ExtDist documentation built on Jan. 8, 2021, 2:39 a.m.