# hankel.test: Hankel-Test for the univariate two-sample problem. In Hankel: Univariate non-parametric two-sample test based on empirical Hankel transforms.

## Description

Computes the Hankel test statistic and its empirically standardized version in the case that ν equals the exponential distribution (see details below). Optionally, simple computations of the p-value and the critical value for a selectable significance level and number of replicates are provided.

## Usage

 1 2 3 hankel.test(x,y,standardized=FALSE,replicates=500, calcCritVal=FALSE,calcPVal=TRUE,sigLevel=0.95, probMeasure="exp",params=list(lambda=1.0)) 

## Arguments

 x First set of observations as vector. y Second set of observations as vector. standardized Boolean variable which indicates whether the empirically standardized version of the test statistic is supposed to be applied. The default is standardized=FALSE. probMeasure The family of probability measures which is supposed to be applied. However, only the exponential distribution has been implemented so far. params List of parameter which specify the probability measure ν which is applied (e.g. the rate parameter λ of the exponential distribution). The default is list(lambda=1.0). sigLevel Significance level of the test. The default is sigLevel=0.95. calcCritVal Boolean variable which indicates whether the critical value of the test statistic for the given significance level is supposed to be computed. The default is calcCritVal=FALSE. calcPVal Boolean variable which indicates whether the p-value of the statistic corresponding to the given observations is supposed to be computed. The default is calcPVal=TRUE. replicates Number of bootstrap replicates for the computation of the critical value and the p-value. The default is replicates=500.

## Details

The Hankel test statistic is of the Cramer- von Mises type and was proposed by L. Baringhaus, University of Hanover. It is given by

T_{m,n}=\frac{mn}{m+n} \int_{R_{≥ 0}}(\frac{1}{m} ∑_{i=1}^m J_0(2√{tX_i})-\frac{1}{n} ∑_{i=1}^n J_0(2√{tY_i}))^2 \,dν(t),

where X_1,…,X_m,Y_1,…,Y_n are real nonnegative random variables, J_0 the Bessel function of the first kind of order zero and ν some suitable probability measure on the nonnegative half-line.

In case that ν equals the exponential distribution with parameter λ >0, an alternative expression for T_{m,n}, which is obtained by applying formula 6.615 of Gradstein and Ryshik (1981), is used:

T_{m,n}(λ)=\frac{mn}{m+n} \int_{0}^{∞} ≤ft (\frac{1}{m} ∑_{i=1}^m J_0(2√{tX_i})-\frac{1}{n} ∑_{j=1}^n J_0(2√{tY_j})\right )^2 λ \exp(-λ t)\,dt

= \frac{mn}{m+n} \bigg [\frac{1}{m^2} ∑_{i=1}^m ∑_{j=1}^m I_0(2√{X_iX_j}/λ)\hspace{0.5mm} \exp(-(X_i+X_j)/λ)

+ \frac{1}{n^2} ∑_{i=1}^n ∑_{j=1}^n I_0(2√{Y_iY_j}/λ)\hspace{0.5mm} \exp(-(Y_i+Y_j)/λ)

- \frac{2}{mn} ∑_{i=1}^m ∑_{j=1}^n I_0(2√{X_iY_j}/λ)\hspace{0.5mm} \exp(-(X_i+Y_j)/λ)\bigg ],

where I_0 denotes the Bessel function of the third kind of order 0. This representation is used for the computation of the test statistic.

The empirically standardized version of the test is obtained by replacing the X_1,…,X_m and Y_1,…,Y_m by the empirically standardized variables U_1=X_1/η_{m,n},…,U_m=X_m/η_{m,n} and V_1=Y_1/η_{m,n},…,V_n=Y_n/η_{m,n}, where η_{m,n}=\frac{1}{m+n}≤ft ( ∑_{i=1}^{m}X_i+ ∑_{j=1}^{n}Y_j\right), in the representation of T_{m,n}(λ). For further details see Baringhaus and Kolbe (2014).

## Value

An object of class "hankeltest" is returned. The following components are retrievable:

 samplesizes A list containing the samplesizes. statistic Value of the Hankel test statistic for the given observations. standardized Boolean value which indicates whether the standardized version of the test was applied. probMeasure String value which indicates which family of probability measures was applied. params List of parameter which specify the applied probability measure ν. sigLevel Significance level of the test. pValue Boostrap estimation of the p-value of the test (if computed). critValue Boostrap estimation of the critical value (if computed). replicates Number of bootstrap replicates taken for the computation of the critical value and the p-value.

Daniel Kolbe

## References

Baringhaus, L. and Kolbe, D. (2014). Two-sample tests based on empirical Hankel transforms. Statistical Papers, 10.1007/s00362-014-0599-1.

Baringhaus, L. and Taherizadeh, F. (2010). Empirical Hankel transforms and its applications to goodness-of-fit tests. J. Multivariate Anal., 101:1445-14457.

Gradstein, I. and Ryshik, I. (1981). Tables. Harri Deutsch, Frankfurt.

## Examples

  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 # comparison of an uniform distribution with an weibull distribution x<-runif(30) y<-rweibull(50,5,0.75) hankel.test(x,y) # comparison of an uniform distribution with an weibull distribution # in standardized case with parameter lambda=0.1 and replicates=1000 x<-runif(30) y<-rweibull(50,5,0.75) hankel.test(x,y,standardized=TRUE,params=list(lambda=0.1),replicates=1000) 

Hankel documentation built on May 29, 2017, 2:10 p.m.