YZ: Yan and Zhang (2012) Grid-Search based PIN Estimates

Description Usage Arguments Details Value Warning Author(s) References Examples

View source: R/YZ.R

Description

It estimates PIN using Yan and Zhang (2012) algorithm.

Usage

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YZ(data, likelihood = c("LK", "EHO"))
## S3 method for class 'YZ_class'
print(obj)

Arguments

data

Data frame with 2 variables

likelihood

Character strings for likelihood algorithm. Default is "LK".

obj

object variable

Details

Argument for data must be a data frame with 2 columns that only contain numbers. Not any other type. You do not have to give names to the columns. We will assign first one as "Buy" and second as "Sell", therefore you should put order numbers with respect to this order.

Value

Returns a list of parameter estimates (output)

alpha

A Number

delta

A Number

mu

A Number

eb

A Number

es

A Number

LikVal

A Number

PIN

A Number

Warning

This function does not handle NA values. Therefore the datasets should not contain any missing value

Author(s)

Duygu Celik and Murat Tinic

References

Y. Yan and S. Zhang. An improved estimation method and empirical properties of the probability of informed trading. Journal of Banking & Finance, 36(2):454-467, 2012.

Examples

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  # Sample Data
  #   Buy Sell 
  #1  350  382  
  #2  250  500  
  #3  500  463  
  #4  552  550  
  #5  163  200  
  #6  345  323  
  #7  847  456  
  #8  923  342  
  #9  123  578  
  #10 349  455   
  
  Buy<-c(350,250,500,552,163,345,847,923,123,349)
  Sell<-c(382,500,463,550,200,323,456,342,578,455)
  data<-cbind(Buy,Sell)
  
  # Parameter estimates using the LK factorization of Lin and Ke (2011) 
  # with the algorithm of Yan and Zhang (2012).
  # Default factorization is set to be "LK"
  
  result=YZ(data)
  print(result)
  
  # Alpha: 0.3999999 
  # Delta: 0 
  # Mu: 442.1667 
  # Epsilon_b: 263.3333 
  # Epsilon_s: 424.9 
  # Likelihood Value: 44371.84 
  # PIN: 0.2004457 
  
  # Parameter estimates using the EHO factorization of Easley et. al. (2010) 
  # with the algorithm of Yan and Zhang (2012).
  
  result=YZ(data,likelihood="EHO")
  print(result)
  
  # Alpha: 0.9000001 
  # Delta: 0.9000001 
  # Mu: 489.1111 
  # Epsilon_b: 396.1803 
  # Epsilon_s: 28.72002 
  # Likelihood Value: Inf 
  # PIN: 0.3321033 

InfoTrad documentation built on Aug. 21, 2017, 9:02 a.m.