# C.factor: cover management factor in RUSLE model In LSRS: Land Surface Remote Sensing

## Description

cover management factor in RUSLE model (C factor): Many people in the erosion control industry use the Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE) to estimate soil loss caused by rainfall erosion. The equation combines the interrelated physical and management parameters of climate, soils, topography, and land use. The full equation is:

A = R*K*LS*C*P

C factor : Cover Management Cover management is considered by RUSLE through the C factor. The C factor represents the effect of surface cover and roughness on soil erosion. The cover factor is the most common factor used to assess the impact of BMPs on reducing erosion because the C factor represents the effect of land use on soil erosion (Renard et al., 1997). Erosion control blankets and surface applied BMPs such as blown straw are represented as C factors within RUSLE. By definition, C = 1 under standard fallow conditions. As surface cover is added to the soil, the C factor value approaches zero. The unitless cover management factor can be determined in different ways. The remote sensing data, useful for reconstructing the temporal variation of C factor. The relationship between the C factor and NDVI is the same applied to the regional scale that is the following (Knijff et al., 2000):

C=exp(2.5* NDVI/1-NDVI)

And another equation (Durigon et al., 2014):

c=[(-1*NDVI+0.5)]

## Usage

 `1` ```C.factor(a = "NIR", b = "Red", method, na.rm = TRUE) ```

## Arguments

 `a` NIR satellite band (format:TIF) `b` Red satellite band (format:TIF) `method` based on Knijff or Durigon equation `na.rm` remove missing values

Mehdi Sarparast

## References

 Dudigon,v.l., Carvalho, D.F., Antunes, M.A.H., Oliveira, P.T.S., Fernandes, M.M. NDVI time series for monitoring RUSLE cover management factor in a tropical watershed. International Journal of Remote Sensing, v.35, p.441-453, 2014. DOI: 0.1080/01431161.2013.871081.  Knijff, van der J.M., Jones R.J.A. and Montanarella L., 2000. Soil Erosion Risk Assessment in Italy. European Soil Bureau, JRC, Space Applications Institute.

## Examples

 ``` 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12``` ```## The function is currently defined as function (a = "NIR", b = "Red", method, na.rm = TRUE) { name <- C.factor (a,b, method="Knijff",na.rm = TRUE) areaXY <-c(xmin, xmax, ymin, ymax) cropXY <- crop(name, areaXY) plot(cropXY,lwd=4,main=" C.factor ", xlab="easting", ylab="northing") hist(cropXY,main=" C.factor " , xlab=" C.factor ",col="red", ylab="Frequency of Pixels") } ```

### Example output

```function (a = "NIR", b = "Red", method, na.rm = TRUE)
{
name <- C.factor(a, b, method = "Knijff", na.rm = TRUE)
areaXY <- c(xmin, xmax, ymin, ymax)
cropXY <- crop(name, areaXY)
plot(cropXY, lwd = 4, main = " C.factor ", xlab = "easting",
ylab = "northing")
hist(cropXY, main = " C.factor ", xlab = " C.factor ", col = "red",
ylab = "Frequency of Pixels")
}
```

LSRS documentation built on May 1, 2019, 7:06 p.m.