RS: University recognition of a graduate student union

Description Usage Format Details Source


Original data used by Caren and Panofsky (2005), and reanalysed by Ragin and Strand (2008).




A data frame containing 17 cases and the following 6 columns:

P Public university
E Support of elite allies
A National union affiliation
S Strike or a strike threat
EBA E happens before A
REC Union recognition


The causal conditions are P, E, A and S. All of them are binary crisp with two values: 0 = No and 1 = Yes.

The column EBA is not a causal condition, specifying in which case the causal condition E happens before the causal condition A. It has two values (0 = No and 1 = Yes) plus the placeholder "-" to signal a “don't care”.

The outcome is the union recognition EBA, also binary crisp with two values: 0 = No and 1 = Yes.


Caren, N; Panofsky, A. (2005) “TQCA: A Technique for Adding Temporality to Qualitative Comparative Analysis.” Sociological Methods & Research vol. 34, no.2, pp.147-172,
doi: 10.1177/0049124105277197.

Ragin, C.C.; Strand, S.I. (2008) “Using Qualitative Comparative Analysis to Study Causal Order: Comment on Caren and Panofsky (2005).” Sociological Methods & Research vol.36, no.4, pp.431-441, doi: 10.1177/0049124107313903.

QCA documentation built on June 16, 2021, 1:06 a.m.

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