# R/vr_mat.R In Rage: Life History Metrics from Matrix Population Models

#### Documented in vr_mat_Rvr_mat_U

```#' Derive survival-independent vital rates for growth, stasis, shrinkage, and
#' reproduction
#'
#' @description
#' Divides columns of a matrix population model by the corresponding
#' stage-specific survival probability, to obtain lower-level vital rates for
#' growth, stasis, shrinkage, and reproduction. Vital rates corresponding to
#' biologically impossible transitions are coerced to \code{NA}.
#'
#' These decompositions assume that all transition rates are products of a
#' stage-specific survival term (column sums of \code{matU}) and a lower level
#' vital rate that is conditional on survival (growth, shrinkage, stasis, or
#' reproduction). Reproductive vital rates that are not conditional on survival
#' (i.e., within a stage class from which there is no survival) are also
#' allowed.
#'
#' @param matU The survival component of a matrix population model (i.e., a
#'   square projection matrix reflecting survival-related transitions; e.g.
#'   progression, stasis, and retrogression)
#' @param matR The reproductive component of a matrix population model (i.e., a
#'   square projection matrix reflecting transitions due to reproduction; either
#'   sexual, clonal, or both)
#' @param posU A logical matrix of the same dimension as \code{matU}, with
#'   elements indicating whether a given \code{matU} transition is possible
#'   (\code{TRUE}) or not (\code{FALSE}). Defaults to \code{matU > 0} (see
#'   Details).
#' @param posR A logical matrix of the same dimension as \code{matR}, with
#'   elements indicating whether a given \code{matR} transition is possible
#'   (\code{TRUE}) or not (\code{FALSE}). Defaults to \code{matR > 0} (see
#'   Details).
#' @param surv_only_na If there is only one possible \code{matU} transition in a
#'   given column, should that transition be attributed exclusively to survival?
#'   If \code{TRUE}, the vital rate of growth/stasis/shrinkage in that column
#'   will be coerced to \code{NA}. If \code{FALSE}, dividing the single
#'   transition by the stage-specific survival probability will always yield a
#'   value of \code{1}. Defaults to \code{TRUE}.
#'
#' @details
#' A transition rate of \code{0} within a matrix population model may indicate
#' that the transition is not possible in the given life cycle (e.g., tadpoles
#' never revert to eggs), or that the transition is possible but was estimated
#' to be \code{0} in the relevant population and time period. If vital rates are
#' to be averaged across multiple stage classes, or compared across populations,
#' it may be important to distinguish between these two types of zeros.
#'
#' By default, \code{vr_mat} assumes that a transition rate of
#' \code{0} indicates an impossible transition, in which case a value of
#' \code{NA} will be returned in the relevant matrix cell. Specifically, the
#' arguments \code{posU} and \code{posR} are specified by the logical
#' expressions \code{(matU > 0)} and \code{(matR > 0)}, respectively. If the
#' matrix population model includes transitions that are possible but estimated
#' to be \code{0}, one should specify the \code{posU} and/or \code{posR}
#' arguments manually.
#'
#' @return A matrix of vital rates. Vital rates corresponding to impossible
#'   transitions will be coerced to \code{NA} (see Details).
#'
#' @author Patrick Barks <patrick.barks@@gmail.com>
#'
#' @family vital rates
#'
#' @references Caswell, H. 2001. Matrix Population Models: Construction,
#'   Analysis, and Interpretation. Sinauer Associates; 2nd edition. ISBN:
#'   978-0878930968
#'
#' @examples
#' matU <- rbind(
#'   c(0.1, 0, 0, 0),
#'   c(0.5, 0.2, 0.1, 0),
#'   c(0, 0.3, 0.3, 0.1),
#'   c(0, 0, 0.5, 0.6)
#' )
#'
#' matR <- rbind(
#'   c(0, 0, 1.1, 1.6),
#'   c(0, 0, 0.8, 0.4),
#'   c(0, 0, 0, 0),
#'   c(0, 0, 0, 0)
#' )
#'
#' # extract vital rates of survival from matU
#' vr_mat_U(matU)
#'
#' # extract vital rates of reproduction from matR
#' vr_mat_R(matU, matR)
#'
#' @name vr_mat

#' @rdname vr_mat
#' @export vr_mat_U
vr_mat_U <- function(matU, posU = matU > 0, surv_only_na = TRUE) {
checkValidMat(matU)
sigma <- colSums(matU, na.rm = TRUE)
sigma[sigma == 0] <- NA_real_ # can't calculate lower-vr if no survival

vmat <- t(t(matU) / sigma)
vmat[!posU] <- NA_real_

if (surv_only_na) {
surv_only <- colSums(posU) == 1
vmat[, surv_only] <- NA_real_
}

return(vmat)
}

#' @rdname vr_mat
#' @export vr_mat_R
vr_mat_R <- function(matU, matR, posR = matR > 0) {
checkValidMat(matU)
checkValidMat(matR)
sigma <- colSums(matU)

sigma[sigma == 0] <- 1 # avoid NaN if no survival

vmat <- t(t(matR) / sigma)
vmat[!posR] <- NA_real_
return(vmat)
}
```

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Rage documentation built on Sept. 30, 2023, 1:06 a.m.