Gage R & R (Measurement System Assessment)

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Description

Performs Gage R&R analysis for the assessment of the measurement system of a process. Related to the Measure phase of the DMAIC strategy of Six Sigma.

Usage

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ss.rr(var, part, appr, lsl = NA, usl = NA, sigma = 6, data,
  main = "Six Sigma Gage R&R Study", sub = "", alphaLim = 0.05,
  errorTerm = "interaction", digits = 4)

Arguments

var

Measured variable

part

Factor for parts

appr

Factor for appraisers (operators, machines, ...)

lsl

Numeric value of lower specification limit used with USL to calculate Study Variation as %Tolerance

usl

Numeric value of upper specification limit used with LSL to calculate Study Variation as %Tolerance

sigma

Numeric value for number of std deviations to use in calculating Study Variation

data

Data frame containing the variables

main

Main title for the graphic output

sub

Subtitle for the graphic output (recommended the name of the project)

alphaLim

Limit to take into account interaction

errorTerm

Which term of the model should be used as error term (for the model with interation)

digits

Number of decimal digits for output

Details

Performs an R&R study for the measured variable, taking into account part and appraiser factors. It outputs the sources of Variability, and six graphs: bar chart with the sources of Variability, plots by appraiser, part and interaction and x-bar and R control charts.

Value

Analysis of Variance Table/s. Variance composition and %Study Var. Graphics.

anovaTable

The ANOVA table of the model

anovaRed

The ANOVA table of the reduced model (without interaction, only if interaction not significant)

varComp

A matrix with the contribution of each component to the total variation

studyVar

A matrix with the contribution to the study variation

ncat

Number of distinct categories

Note

The F test for the main effects in the ANOVA table is usually made taken the operator/appraisal interaction as the error term (repeated measures model), thereby computing F as $MS_factor/MS_interaction$, e.g. in appendix A of AIAG MSA manual, in Montgomery (2009) and by statistical software such as Minitab. However, in the example provided in page 127 of the AIAG MSA Manual, the F test is performed as $MS_factor/MS_equipment$, i.e., repeatability. Thus, since version 0.9-3 of the SixSigma package, a new argument errorTerm controls which term should be used as error Term, one of "interaction", "repeatability".

Argument alphaLim is used as upper limit to use the full model, i.e., with interaction. Above this value for the interaction effect, the ANOVA table without the interaction effect is also obtained, and the variance components are computed pooling the interaction term with the repeatibility.

Author(s)

EL Cano with contributions by Kevin C Limburg

References

Automotive Industry Action Group. (2010). Measurement Systems Analysis (Fourth Edition). AIAG.

Cano, Emilio L., Moguerza, Javier M. and Redchuk, Andres. 2012. Six Sigma with R. Statistical Engineering for Process Improvement, Use R!, vol. 36. Springer, New York. http://www.springer.com/statistics/book/978-1-4614-3651-5.

Montgomery, D. C. (2009). Introduction to Statistical Quality Control (Sixth Edition ed.). New York: Wiley & Sons, Inc.

See Also

ss.data.rr

Examples

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ss.rr(time1, prototype, operator, data = ss.data.rr, 
	sub = "Six Sigma Paper Helicopter Project", 
	alphaLim = 0.05,
	errorTerm = "interaction")

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