Capture the Dominant Spatial Patten with Two-Dimensional Locations

knitr::opts_chunk$set(
  collapse = TRUE,
  comment = "#>",
  fig.align = "center",
  dpi = 300,
  tidy = "styler"
)

Objective

Represent how to use SpatPCA for two-dimensional data for capturing the most dominant spatial pattern

Basic settings

Used packages

library(SpatPCA)
library(ggplot2)
library(dplyr)
library(tidyr)
library(gifski)
library(fields)
library(scico)

base_theme <- theme_minimal(base_size = 10, base_family = "Times") +
  theme(legend.position = "bottom")
fill_bar <- guides(fill = guide_colourbar(
    barwidth = 10,
    barheight = 0.5,
    label.position = "bottom")
  )
coltab <- scico(128, palette = 'vik')
color_scale_limit <- c(-.28, .28)

True spatial pattern (eigenfunction)

set.seed(1024)
p <- 30
n <- 50
location <-
  matrix(rep(seq(-5, 5, length = p), 2), nrow = p, ncol = 2)
expanded_location <- expand.grid(location[, 1], location[, 2])
unnormalized_eigen_fn <-
  as.vector(exp(-location[, 1] ^ 2) %*% t(exp(-location[, 2] ^ 2)))
true_eigen_fn <-
  unnormalized_eigen_fn / norm(t(unnormalized_eigen_fn), "F")

data.frame(
  location_dim1 = expanded_location[, 1],
  location_dim2 = expanded_location[, 2],
  eigenfunction = true_eigen_fn
) %>%
  ggplot(aes(location_dim1, location_dim2)) +
  geom_tile(aes(fill = eigenfunction))  +
  scale_fill_gradientn(colours = coltab, limits = color_scale_limit) +
  base_theme +
  labs(title = "True Eigenfunction", fill = "") +
  fill_bar

Experiment

Generate 2-D realizations

realizations <- rnorm(n = n, sd = 10) %*% t(true_eigen_fn) + matrix(rnorm(n = n * p^2), n, p^2)

Animate realizations

for (i in 1:n) {
  par(mar = c(3, 3, 1, 1), family = "Times")
  image.plot(
    matrix(realizations[i, ], p, p),
    main = paste0(i, "-th realization"),
    zlim = c(-10, 10),
    col = coltab,
    horizontal = TRUE,
    cex.main = 0.8,
    cex.axis = 0.5,
    axis.args=list(cex.axis=0.5),
    legend.width=0.5
  )
}

Apply SpatPCA::spatpca

We add a candidate set of tau2 to see how SpatPCA obtain a localized smoothe pattern.

tau2 <- c(0, exp(seq(log(10), log(400), length = 10)))
cv <- spatpca(x = expanded_location, Y = realizations, tau2 = tau2)
eigen_est <- cv$eigenfn

Compare SpatPCA with PCA

The following figure shows that SpatPCA can find sparser pattern than PCA, which is close to the true pattern.

data.frame(
  location_dim1 = expanded_location[, 1],
  location_dim2 = expanded_location[, 2],
  spatpca = eigen_est[, 1], 
  pca = svd(realizations)$v[, 1]) %>%
  gather(estimate, eigenfunction, -c(location_dim1, location_dim2)) %>%
  ggplot(aes(location_dim1, location_dim2)) +
  geom_tile(aes(fill=eigenfunction))  +
  scale_fill_gradientn(colours = coltab, limits = color_scale_limit) +
  base_theme +
  facet_wrap(.~estimate) +
  labs(fill = "") +
  fill_bar


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SpatPCA documentation built on Jan. 31, 2021, 5:05 p.m.