WaveletTransform: Morlet wavelet transformation of a time series In WaveletComp: Computational Wavelet Analysis

Description

It computes the Morlet wavelet transformation of a given time series, subject to criteria concerning: the time and frequency resolution, an (optional) lower and/or upper Fourier period.

The output is further processed by higher-order functions wt, WaveletCoherency and wc, and can be retrieved from analyze.wavelet and analyze.coherency.

The name and layout were inspired by a similar function developed by Huidong Tian and Bernard Cazelles (archived R package WaveletCo).

Usage

 1 2 WaveletTransform(x, dt = 1, dj = 1/20, lowerPeriod = 2*dt, upperPeriod = floor(length(x)*dt/3))

Arguments

 x the time series to be analyzed
 dt time resolution, i.e. sampling resolution in the time domain, 1/dt = number of observations per time unit. For example: a natural choice of dt in case of hourly data is dt = 1/24, resulting in one time unit equaling one day. This is also the time unit in which periods are measured. If dt = 1, the time interval between two consecutive observations will equal one time unit. Default: 1. dj frequency resolution, i.e. sampling resolution in the frequency domain, 1/dj = number of suboctaves (voices per octave). Default: 1/20.
 lowerPeriod lower Fourier period (measured in time units determined by dt, see the explanations concerning dt) for wavelet decomposition. If dt = 1, the minimum admissible value is 2. Default: 2*dt. upperPeriod upper Fourier period (measured in time units determined by dt, see the explanations concerning dt) for wavelet decomposition. Default: (floor of one third of time series length)*dt.

Value

A list of class analyze.wavelet with the following elements:

 Wave complex wavelet transform of the series Phase phases Ampl amplitudes
 Period the Fourier periods (measured in time units determined by dt, see the explanations concerning dt) Scale the scales (the Fourier periods divided by the Fourier factor)
 Power wavelet power in the time/frequency domain
 nc number of columns = number of observations = number of observation epochs; "epoch" meaning point in time nr number of rows = number of scales (Fourier periods)

Author(s)

Angi Roesch and Harald Schmidbauer; credits are also due to Huidong Tian, and Bernard Cazelles.

References

Aguiar-Conraria L., and Soares M.J., 2011. The Continuous Wavelet Transform: A Primer. NIPE Working Paper Series 16/2011.

Carmona R., Hwang W.-L., and Torresani B., 1998. Practical Time Frequency Analysis. Gabor and Wavelet Transforms with an Implementation in S. Academic Press, San Diego.

Cazelles B., Chavez M., Berteaux, D., Menard F., Vik J.O., Jenouvrier S., and Stenseth N.C., 2008. Wavelet analysis of ecological time series. Oecologia 156, 287–304.

Liu Y., Liang X.S., and Weisberg R.H., 2007. Rectification of the Bias in the Wavelet Power Spectrum. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 24, 2093–2102.

Tian, H., and Cazelles, B., 2012. WaveletCo. Available at https://cran.r-project.org/src/contrib/Archive/WaveletCo/, archived April 2013; accessed July 26, 2013.

Torrence C., and Compo G.P., 1998. A practical guide to wavelet analysis. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 79 (1), 61–78.