monthly_response: monthly_response

Description Usage Arguments Value Examples

View source: R/monthly_response.R

Description

Function calculates all possible values of a selected statistical metric between one or more response variables and monthly sequences of environmental data. Calculations are based on moving window which slides through monthly environmental data. All calculated metrics are stored in a matrix. The location of stored calculated metric in the matrix is indicating a window width (row names) and a location in a matrix of monthly sequences of environmental data (column names).

Usage

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monthly_response(
  response,
  env_data,
  method = "cor",
  metric = "r.squared",
  cor_method = "pearson",
  previous_year = FALSE,
  neurons = 1,
  lower_limit = 1,
  upper_limit = 12,
  fixed_width = 0,
  brnn_smooth = TRUE,
  remove_insignificant = TRUE,
  alpha = 0.05,
  row_names_subset = FALSE,
  PCA_transformation = FALSE,
  log_preprocess = TRUE,
  components_selection = "automatic",
  eigenvalues_threshold = 1,
  N_components = 2,
  aggregate_function = "mean",
  temporal_stability_check = "sequential",
  k = 2,
  k_running_window = 30,
  cross_validation_type = "blocked",
  subset_years = NULL,
  plot_specific_window = NULL,
  ylimits = NULL,
  seed = NULL,
  tidy_env_data = FALSE,
  boot = FALSE,
  boot_n = 1000,
  boot_ci_type = "norm",
  boot_conf_int = 0.95,
  month_interval = ifelse(c(previous_year == TRUE, previous_year == TRUE), c(-1, 12),
    c(1, 12)),
  dc_method = NULL,
  dc_nyrs = NULL,
  dc_f = 0.5,
  dc_pos.slope = FALSE,
  dc_constrain.nls = c("never", "when.fail", "always"),
  dc_span = "cv",
  dc_bass = 0,
  dc_difference = FALSE
)

Arguments

response

a data frame with tree-ring proxy variables as columns and (optional) years as row names. Row.names should be matched with those from a env_data data frame. If not, set row_names_subset = TRUE.

env_data

a data frame of monthly sequences of environmental data as columns and years as row names. Each row represents a year and each column represents a day of a year (or month). Row.names should be matched with those from a response data frame. If not, set row_names_subset = TRUE. Alternatively, env_data could be a tidy data with three columns, i.e. Year, DOY (Month) and third column representing values of mean temperatures, sum of precipitation etc. If tidy data is passed to the function, set the argument tidy_env_data to TRUE.

method

a character string specifying which method to use. Current possibilities are "cor", "lm" and "brnn".

metric

a character string specifying which metric to use. Current possibilities are "r.squared" and "adj.r.squared". If method = "cor", metric is not relevant.

cor_method

a character string indicating which correlation coefficient is to be computed. One of "pearson" (default), "kendall", or "spearman".

previous_year

if set to TRUE, env_data and response variables will be rearranged in a way, that also previous year will be used for calculations of selected statistical metric.

neurons

positive integer that indicates the number of neurons used for brnn method

lower_limit

lower limit of window width (i.e. number of consecutive months to be used for calculations)

upper_limit

upper limit of window width (i.e. number of consecutive months to be used for calculations)

fixed_width

fixed width used for calculations (i.e. number of consecutive months to be used for calculations)

brnn_smooth

if set to TRUE, a smoothing algorithm is applied that removes unrealistic calculations which are a result of neural net failure.

remove_insignificant

if set to TRUE, removes all correlations bellow the significant threshold level, based on a selected alpha. For "lm" and "brnn" method, squared threshold is used, which corresponds to R squared statistics.

alpha

significance level used to remove insignificant calculations.

row_names_subset

if set to TRUE, row.names are used to subset env_data and response data frames. Only years from both data frames are kept.

PCA_transformation

if set to TRUE, all variables in the response data frame will be transformed using PCA transformation.

log_preprocess

if set to TRUE, variables will be transformed with logarithmic transformation before used in PCA

components_selection

character string specifying how to select the Principal Components used as predictors. There are three options: "automatic", "manual" and "plot_selection". If argument is set to automatic, all scores with eigenvalues above 1 will be selected. This threshold could be changed by changing the eigenvalues_threshold argument. If parameter is set to "manual", user should set the number of components with N_components argument. If components selection is set to "plot_selection", Scree plot will be shown and a user must manually enter the number of components to be used as predictors.

eigenvalues_threshold

threshold for automatic selection of Principal Components

N_components

number of Principal Components used as predictors

aggregate_function

character string specifying how the monthly data should be aggregated. The default is 'mean', the two other options are 'median' and 'sum'

temporal_stability_check

character string, specifying, how temporal stability between the optimal selection and response variable(s) will be analysed. Current possibilities are "sequential", "progressive" and "running_window". Sequential check will split data into k splits and calculate selected metric for each split. Progressive check will split data into k splits, calculate metric for the first split and then progressively add 1 split at a time and calculate selected metric. For running window, select the length of running window with the k_running_window argument.

k

integer, number of breaks (splits) for temporal stability and cross validation analysis.

k_running_window

the length of running window for temporal stability check. Applicable only if temporal_stability argument is set to running window.

cross_validation_type

character string, specifying, how to perform cross validation between the optimal selection and response variables. If the argument is set to "blocked", years will not be shuffled. If the argument is set to "randomized", years will be shuffled.

subset_years

a subset of years to be analyzed. Should be given in the form of subset_years = c(1980, 2005)

plot_specific_window

integer representing window width to be displayed for plot_specific

ylimits

limit of the y axes for plot_extreme and plot_specific. It should be given in the form of: ylimits = c(0,1)

seed

optional seed argument for reproducible results

tidy_env_data

if set to TRUE, env_data should be inserted as a data frame with three columns: "Year", "Month", "Precipitation/Temperature/etc."

boot

logical, if TRUE, bootstrap procedure will be used to calculate estimates correlation coefficients, R squared or adjusted R squared metrices

boot_n

The number of bootstrap replicates

boot_ci_type

A character string representing the type of bootstrap intervals required. The value should be any subset of the values c("norm","basic", "stud", "perc", "bca").

boot_conf_int

A scalar or vector containing the confidence level(s) of the required interval(s)

month_interval

a vector of two values: lower and upper time interval of months that will be used to calculate statistical metrics. Negative values indicate previous growing season months. This argument overwrites the calculation limits defined by lower_limit and upper_limit arguments.

dc_method

a character string to determine the method to detrend climate (environmental) data. Possible values are c("Spline", "ModNegExp", "Mean", "Friedman", "ModHugershoff"). Defaults to "none" (see dplR R package).

dc_nyrs

a number giving the rigidity of the smoothing spline, defaults to 0.67 of series length if nyrs is NULL (see dplR R package).

dc_f

a number between 0 and 1 giving the frequency response or wavelength cutoff. Defaults to 0.5 (see dplR R package).

dc_pos.slope

a logical flag. Will allow for a positive slope to be used in method "ModNegExp" and "ModHugershoff". If FALSE the line will be horizontal (see dplR R package).

dc_constrain.nls

a character string which controls the constraints of the "ModNegExp" model and the "ModHugershoff" (see dplR R package).

dc_span

a numeric value controlling method "Friedman", or "cv" (default) for automatic choice by cross-validation (see dplR R package).

dc_bass

a numeric value controlling the smoothness of the fitted curve in method "Friedman" (see dplR R package).

dc_difference

a logical flag. Compute residuals by substraction if TRUE, otherwise use division (see dplR R package).

Value

a list with 17 elements:

  1. $calculations - a matrix with calculated metrics

  2. $method - the character string of a method

  3. $metric - the character string indicating the metric used for calculations

  4. $analysed_period - the character string specifying the analysed period based on the information from row names. If there are no row names, this argument is given as NA

  5. $optimized_return - data frame with two columns, response variable and aggregated (averaged) monthly data that return the optimal results. This data.frame could be directly used to calibrate a model for climate reconstruction

  6. $optimized_return_all - a data frame with aggregated monthly data, that returned the optimal result for the entire env_data (and not only subset of analysed years)

  7. $transfer_function - a ggplot object: scatter plot of optimized return and a transfer line of the selected method

  8. $temporal_stability - a data frame with calculations of selected metric for different temporal subsets

  9. $cross_validation - a data frame with cross validation results

  10. $plot_heatmap - ggplot2 object: a heatmap of calculated metrics

  11. $plot_extreme - ggplot2 object: line or bar plot of a row with the highest value in a matrix of calculated metrics

  12. $plot_specific - not available for monthly_response()

  13. $PCA_output - princomp object: the result output of the PCA analysis

  14. $type - the character string describing type of analysis: daily or monthly

  15. $reference_window - character string, which reference window was used for calculations

  16. $boot_lower - matrix with lower limit of confidence intervals of bootstrap calculations

  17. $boot_upper - matrix with upper limit of confidence intervals of bootstrap calculations

  18. $aggregated_climate - matrix with all aggregated climate series

Examples

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## Not run: 
# Load the dendroTools R package
library(dendroTools)

# Load data used for examples
data(data_MVA)
data(data_TRW)
data(data_TRW_1)
data(example_proxies_individual)
data(example_proxies_1)
data(LJ_monthly_temperatures)
data(LJ_monthly_precipitation)

# 1 Example with tidy precipitation data
example_tidy_data <- monthly_response(response = data_MVA,
    lower_limit = 1, upper = 12,
    env_data = LJ_monthly_precipitation, fixed_width = 0,
    method = "cor", row_names_subset = TRUE, metric = "adj.r.squared",
    remove_insignificant = TRUE, previous_year = FALSE,
    alpha = 0.05, aggregate_function = 'sum', boot = TRUE,
    tidy_env_data = TRUE, boot_n = 100, month_interval = c(-5, 10))

summary(example_tidy_data)
plot(example_tidy_data, type = 1)
plot(example_tidy_data, type = 2)

# 2 Example with split data for early and late
example_MVA_early <- monthly_response(response = data_MVA,
    env_data = LJ_monthly_temperatures,
    method = "cor", row_names_subset = TRUE, previous_year = TRUE,
    remove_insignificant = TRUE, alpha = 0.05,
    subset_years = c(1940, 1980), aggregate_function = 'mean')

example_MVA_late <- monthly_response(response = data_MVA,
    env_data = LJ_monthly_temperatures,
    method = "cor", row_names_subset = TRUE, alpha = 0.05,
    previous_year = TRUE, remove_insignificant = TRUE,
    subset_years = c(1981, 2010), aggregate_function = 'mean')

summary(example_MVA_late)
plot(example_MVA_early, type = 1)
plot(example_MVA_late, type = 1)
plot(example_MVA_early, type = 2)
plot(example_MVA_late, type = 2)


# 3 Example with principal component analysis
example_PCA <- monthly_response(response = example_proxies_individual,
   env_data = LJ_monthly_temperatures, method = "lm",
   row_names_subset = TRUE, remove_insignificant = TRUE,
   alpha = 0.01, PCA_transformation = TRUE, previous_year = TRUE,
   components_selection = "manual", N_components = 2, boot = TRUE)

summary(example_PCA$PCA_output)
plot(example_PCA, type = 1)
plot(example_PCA, type = 2)

# 4 Example negative correlations
example_neg_cor <- monthly_response(response = data_TRW_1, alpha = 0.05,
   env_data = LJ_monthly_temperatures,
   method = "cor", row_names_subset = TRUE,
   remove_insignificant = TRUE, boot = TRUE)

summary(example_neg_cor)
plot(example_neg_cor, type = 1)
plot(example_neg_cor, type = 2)
example_neg_cor$temporal_stability

# 5 Example of multiproxy analysis
summary(example_proxies_1)
cor(example_proxies_1)

example_multiproxy <- monthly_response(response = example_proxies_1,
   env_data = LJ_monthly_temperatures,
   method = "lm", metric = "adj.r.squared",
   row_names_subset = TRUE, previous_year = FALSE,
   remove_insignificant = TRUE, alpha = 0.05)

summary(example_multiproxy)
plot(example_multiproxy, type = 1)

# 6 Example to test the temporal stability
example_MVA_ts <- monthly_response(response = data_MVA,
   env_data = LJ_monthly_temperatures,
   method = "lm", metric = "adj.r.squared", row_names_subset = TRUE,
   remove_insignificant = TRUE, alpha = 0.05,
   temporal_stability_check = "running_window", k_running_window = 10)

summary(example_MVA_ts)
example_MVA_ts$temporal_stability


## End(Not run)

dendroTools documentation built on Jan. 3, 2022, 5:09 p.m.