Description Usage Arguments Details Value Author(s) References Examples

This function applies the "Detailed Look" version of DiNAMIC's cyclic shift procedure to assess the statistical significance of recurrent DNA copy number aberrations. The statistical significance
of recurrent gains (`gain.loss = "gain"`

) or recurrent losses (`gain.loss = "loss"`

) are assessed using an empirical null distribution produced by `num.perms`

cyclic shifts of the DNA
copy number matrix `x`

. The null distribution is produced by `findNull`

, which is called internally.

1 2 | ```
detailedLook(x, marker.data, annot.file, num.perms, num.iters,
gain.loss = "gain", reformat.annot = FALSE, random.seed = NULL)
``` |

`x` |
An n by m numeric matrix containing DNA copy number data from n subjects at m markers. |

`marker.data` |
A dataframe containing marker position data for markers in the autosomes. Column 1 contains the chromosome number for each marker, and column 2 contains the position (in base pairs) for each markers. Additional columns, if present, represent information about the markers (e.g. probe names). |

`annot.file` |
A cytoband annotation dataframe. Each row corresponds to a distinct cytoband, and column 1 contains the chromosome number, column 2 contains the start position (in base pairs), column 3 contains the end position (in base pairs), and column 4 contains the cytoband name (e.g. p21.3). Additional columns may be present, but they are not used. |

`num.perms` |
A positive integer that represents the number of cyclic shifts used to create the empirical null distribution. |

`num.iters` |
A positive integer that represents the number of distinct gain (loss) loci that will be assessed. See Details for more information. |

`gain.loss` |
A character string that indicates whether recurrent gains ( |

`reformat.annot` |
A logical value that indicates whether annot.file needs to be reformatted (default = FALSE). See the "note" section of |

`random.seed` |
An optional random seed (default = NULL). |

This function applies the *Detailed Look* version of DiNAMIC's cyclic shift procedure to assess the statistical significance of recurrent DNA copy number aberrations. Either recurrent gains
(`gain.loss = "gain"`

) or recurrent losses (`gain.loss = "loss"`

) are assessed using a null distribution based on `num.perms`

cyclic shifts of `x`

. Iterative calls to DiNAMIC's
*peeling* procedure (implemented here in the `peeling`

function) allow users to assess the statistical significance of num.iters distinct gains (losses). As noted in
Bioinformatics (2011) 27(5) 678 - 685, the Detailed Look procedure recalculates the null distribution after each iteration of the peeling procedure. While this approach is more
computationally intensive, simulations suggest that it provides more power to detect recurrent gains (losses).

A matrix with `num.iters`

rows. The entries of each row correspond to the marker that is being assessed. More specifically, the entries are (1) the chromosome number,
(2) the marker position (in base pairs), (3) additional marker information present in `marker.data`

, (4) the marker number, and (5) the p-value obtained from the null distribution,
(6) the endpoints of the peak interval (in base pairs), as described in Bioinformatics (2011) 27(5) 678 - 685.

Vonn Walter, Andrew B. Nobel, Fred A. Wright

Maintainer: <vwalter@email.unc.edu> Vonn Walter

Walter, V., Nobel, A.B., and Wright, F.A., DiNAMIC: a method to identify recurrent DNA copy number aberrations in tumors, Bioinformatics (2011) 27(5) 678 - 685.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | ```
data(wilms.data)
data(wilms.markers)
data(annot.file)
detailedLook(wilms.data, wilms.markers, annot.file, 100, 3)
#Produces the following output:
#" 1" "155656176" "R:A-MEXP-192:RP11-393K10" "196" "0.01"
#"12" " 38270107" "R:A-MEXP-192:RP11-519E12" "2294" "0.01"
#" 8" " 4554176" "R:A-MEXP-192:RP11-337D8" "1659" "0.01"
``` |

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