step_discretize_cart: Discretize numeric variables with CART

View source: R/discretize_cart.R

step_discretize_cartR Documentation

Discretize numeric variables with CART


step_discretize_cart() creates a specification of a recipe step that will discretize numeric data (e.g. integers or doubles) into bins in a supervised way using a CART model.


  role = NA,
  trained = FALSE,
  outcome = NULL,
  cost_complexity = 0.01,
  tree_depth = 10,
  min_n = 20,
  rules = NULL,
  skip = FALSE,
  id = rand_id("discretize_cart")



A recipe object. The step will be added to the sequence of operations for this recipe.


One or more selector functions to choose which variables are affected by the step. See selections() for more details.


Defaults to "predictor".


A logical to indicate if the quantities for preprocessing have been estimated.


A call to vars to specify which variable is used as the outcome to train CART models in order to discretize explanatory variables.


The regularization parameter. Any split that does not decrease the overall lack of fit by a factor of cost_complexity is not attempted. Corresponds to cp in rpart::rpart(). Defaults to 0.01.


The maximum depth in the final tree. Corresponds to maxdepth in rpart::rpart(). Defaults to 10.


The number of data points in a node required to continue splitting. Corresponds to minsplit in rpart::rpart(). Defaults to 20.


The splitting rules of the best CART tree to retain for each variable. If length zero, splitting could not be used on that column.


A logical. Should the step be skipped when the recipe is baked by recipes::bake()? While all operations are baked when recipes::prep() is run, some operations may not be able to be conducted on new data (e.g. processing the outcome variable(s)). Care should be taken when using skip = TRUE as it may affect the computations for subsequent operations


A character string that is unique to this step to identify it.


step_discretize_cart() creates non-uniform bins from numerical variables by utilizing the information about the outcome variable and applying a CART model.

The best selection of buckets for each variable is selected using the standard cost-complexity pruning of CART, which makes this discretization method resistant to overfitting.

This step requires the rpart package. If not installed, the step will stop with a note about installing the package.

Note that the original data will be replaced with the new bins.


An updated version of recipe with the new step added to the sequence of any existing operations.


When you tidy() this step, a tibble with columns terms (the columns that is selected), values is returned.

Tuning Parameters

This step has 3 tuning parameters:

  • cost_complexity: Cost-Complexity Parameter (type: double, default: 0.01)

  • tree_depth: Tree Depth (type: integer, default: 10)

  • min_n: Minimal Node Size (type: integer, default: 20)

Case weights

This step performs an supervised operation that can utilize case weights. To use them, see the documentation in recipes::case_weights and the examples on

See Also

step_discretize_xgb(), recipes::recipe(), recipes::prep(), recipes::bake()



split <- initial_split(ad_data, strata = "Class")

ad_data_tr <- training(split)
ad_data_te <- testing(split)

cart_rec <-
  recipe(Class ~ ., data = ad_data_tr) %>%
    tau, age, p_tau, Ab_42,
    outcome = "Class", id = "cart splits"

cart_rec <- prep(cart_rec, training = ad_data_tr)

# The splits:
tidy(cart_rec, id = "cart splits")

bake(cart_rec, ad_data_te, tau)

embed documentation built on Nov. 2, 2023, 6:20 p.m.