abvevd: Parametric Dependence Functions of Bivariate Extreme Value...

Description Usage Arguments Details Value See Also Examples


Calculate or plot the dependence function A for nine parametric bivariate extreme value models.


abvevd(x = 0.5, dep, asy = c(1,1), alpha, beta, model = c("log", "alog",
    "hr", "neglog", "aneglog", "bilog", "negbilog", "ct", "amix"),
     rev = FALSE, plot = FALSE, add = FALSE, lty = 1, lwd = 1, col = 1,
     blty = 3, blwd = 1, xlim = c(0,1), ylim = c(0.5,1), xlab = "t",
     ylab = "A(t)", ...)



A vector of values at which the dependence function is evaluated (ignored if plot or add is TRUE). A(1/2) is returned by default since it is often a useful summary of dependence.


Dependence parameter for the logistic, asymmetric logistic, Husler-Reiss, negative logistic and asymmetric negative logistic models.


A vector of length two, containing the two asymmetry parameters for the asymmetric logistic and asymmetric negative logistic models.

alpha, beta

Alpha and beta parameters for the bilogistic, negative bilogistic, Coles-Tawn and asymmetric mixed models.


The specified model; a character string. Must be either "log" (the default), "alog", "hr", "neglog", "aneglog", "bilog", "negbilog", "ct" or "amix" (or any unique partial match), for the logistic, asymmetric logistic, Husler-Reiss, negative logistic, asymmetric negative logistic, bilogistic, negative bilogistic, Coles-Tawn and asymmetric mixed models respectively. The definition of each model is given in rbvevd. If parameter arguments are given that do not correspond to the specified model those arguments are ignored, with a warning.


Logical; reverse the dependence function? This is equivalent to evaluating the function at 1-x.


Logical; if TRUE the function is plotted. The x and y values used to create the plot are returned invisibly. If plot and add are FALSE (the default), the arguments following add are ignored.


Logical; add to an existing plot? The existing plot should have been created using either abvevd or abvnonpar, the latter of which plots (or calculates) a non-parametric estimate of the dependence function.

lty, blty

Function and border line types. Set blty to zero to omit the border.

lwd, blwd

Function an border line widths.


Line colour.

xlim, ylim

x and y-axis limits.

xlab, ylab

x and y-axis labels.


Other high-level graphics parameters to be passed to plot.


Any bivariate extreme value distribution can be written as

G(z1,z2) = exp{-(y1+y2)A[y1/(y1+y2)]}

for some function A() defined on [0,1], where

yi = {1+si(zi-ai)/bi}^(-1/si)

for 1+si(zi-ai)/bi > 0 and i = 1,2, with the (generalized extreme value) marginal parameters given by (ai,bi,si), bi > 0. If si = 0 then yi is defined by continuity.

A() is called (by some authors) the dependence function. It follows that A(0)=A(1)=1, and that A() is a convex function with max(x,1-x) <= A(x) <= 1 for all 0 <= x <= 1. The lower and upper limits of A are obtained under complete dependence and independence respectively. A() does not depend on the marginal parameters.

Some authors take B(x) = A(1-x) as the dependence function. If the argument rev = TRUE, then B(x) is plotted/evaluated.


abvevd calculates or plots the dependence function for one of nine parametric bivariate extreme value models, at specified parameter values.

See Also

abvnonpar, fbvevd, rbvevd, amvevd


abvevd(dep = 2.7, model = "hr")
abvevd(seq(0,1,0.25), dep = 0.3, asy = c(.7,.9), model = "alog")
abvevd(alpha = 0.3, beta = 1.2, model = "negbi", plot = TRUE)

bvdata <- rbvevd(100, dep = 0.7, model = "log")
M1 <- fitted(fbvevd(bvdata, model = "log"))
abvevd(dep = M1["dep"], model = "log", plot = TRUE)
abvnonpar(data = bvdata, add = TRUE, lty = 2)

Example output

[1] 0.6444467
[1] 1.0000000 0.8272414 0.7012552 0.7841595 1.0000000

evd documentation built on May 1, 2019, 10:11 p.m.