read.fs.volume.nii: Turn a 3D or 4D 'oro.nifti' instance into an 'fs.volume'...

Description Usage Arguments Value Note References See Also Examples

View source: R/nifti_to_mgh.R

Description

This is work in progress. This function takes an 'oro.nifti' instance and computes the MGH header fields from the NIFTI header data, allowing for proper orientation of the contained image data (see mghheader.vox2ras and related functions). Currently only few datatypes are supported, and the 'sform' header field needs to be present in the NIFTI instance.

Usage

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read.fs.volume.nii(
  filepath,
  flatten = FALSE,
  with_header = FALSE,
  drop_empty_dims = FALSE,
  do_rotate = FALSE,
  ...
)

Arguments

filepath

instance of class 'nifti' from the 'oro.nifti' package, or a path to a NIFTI file as a character string.

flatten

logical. Whether to flatten the return volume to a 1D vector. Useful if you know that this file contains 1D morphometry data.

with_header

logical. Whether to return the header as well. If TRUE, return an instance of class 'fs.volume' for data with at least 3 dimensions, a named list with entries "data" and "header". The latter is another named list which contains the header data. These header entries exist: "dtype": int, one of: 0=MRI_UCHAR; 1=MRI_INT; 3=MRI_FLOAT; 4=MRI_SHORT. "voldim": integer vector. The volume (=data) dimensions. E.g., c(256, 256, 256, 1). These header entries may exist: "vox2ras_matrix" (exists if "ras_good_flag" is 1), "mr_params" (exists if "has_mr_params" is 1). See the 'mghheader.*' functions, like mghheader.vox2ras.tkreg, to compute more information from the header fields.

drop_empty_dims

logical, whether to drop empty dimensions of the returned data

do_rotate

logical, whether to rotate 3D volumes to compensate for storage order. WIP.

...

extra parameters passed to oro.nifti::readNIfTI. Leave this alone unless you know what you are doing.

Value

an 'fs.volume' instance. The 'header' fields are computed from the NIFTI header. The 'data' array is rotated into FreeSurfer storage order, but otherwise returned as present in the input NIFTI instance, i.e., no values are changed in any way.

Note

This is not supposed to be used to read 1D morphometry data from NIFTI files generated by FreeSurfer (e.g., by converting 'lh.thickness' to NIFTI using 'mri_convert'): the FreeSurfer NIFTI hack is not supported by oro.nifti.

References

See https://nifti.nimh.nih.gov/nifti-1/ for the NIfTI-1 data format spec.

See Also

oro.nifti::readNIfTI, read.fs.mgh

Examples

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## Not run: 
   base_file = "~/data/subject1_only/subject1/mri/brain";  # missing file ext.
   mgh_file = paste(base_file, '.mgz', sep='');  # the standard MGH/MGZ file
   nii_file = paste(base_file, '.nii', sep='');   # NIFTI file generated with mri_convert
   brain_mgh = read.fs.mgh(mgh_file, with_header = TRUE);
   brain_nii = read.fs.volume.nii(nii_file, with_header = TRUE);

   all(brain_nii$data == brain_mgh$data);                              # output: TRUE
   all(mghheader.vox2ras(brain_nii) == mghheader.vox2ras(brain_mgh))   # output: TRUE

## End(Not run)

freesurferformats documentation built on May 25, 2021, 5:10 p.m.