future_options: 'future' specific options

Description Usage Arguments Global variables and packages Reproducible random number generation (RNG)

View source: R/future_options.R


These options are used by future() internally to tweak the environment that the expressions are called in. The most important ones are globals and packages which allow you to be explicit about the variables and packages that are exported to each worker.


future_options(globals = TRUE, packages = NULL, seed = FALSE,
  lazy = FALSE, scheduling = 1)



A logical, a character vector, or a named list for controlling how globals are handled. For details, see Global variables and packages.


(optional) a character vector specifying packages to be attached in the R environment evaluating the future.


A logical or an integer (of length one or seven), or a list of length(.x) with pre-generated random seeds. For details, see below section.


Specifies whether the futures should be resolved lazily or eagerly (default).


Average number of futures ("chunks") per worker. If 0.0, then a single future is used to process all elements of .x. If 1.0 or TRUE, then one future per worker is used. If 2.0, then each worker will process two futures (if there are enough elements in .x). If Inf or FALSE, then one future per element of .x is used.

Global variables and packages

By default, the future package will perform black magic to look up the global variables and packages that your furrr call requires, and it will export these to each worker. However, it is not always perfect, and can be refined with the globals and packages arguments.

globals may be used to control how globals should be handled similarly how the globals argument is used with future(). Since all function calls use the same set of globals, this function can do any gathering of globals upfront (once), which is more efficient than if it would be done for each future independently.

packages may be used to control the packages that are exported to each worker.

Reproducible random number generation (RNG)

Unless seed = FALSE, this function guarantees to generate the exact same sequence of random numbers given the same initial seed / RNG state - this regardless of type of futures and scheduling ("chunking") strategy.

RNG reproducibility is achieved by pregenerating the random seeds for all iterations (over .x) by using L'Ecuyer-CMRG RNG streams. In each iteration, these seeds are set before calling .f(.x[[ii]], ...). Note, for large length(.x) this may introduce a large overhead.

As input (seed), a fixed seed (integer) may be given, either as a full L'Ecuyer-CMRG RNG seed (vector of 1+6 integers) or as a seed generating such a full L'Ecuyer-CMRG seed. If seed = TRUE, then .Random.seed is returned if it holds a L'Ecuyer-CMRG RNG seed, otherwise one is created randomly. If seed = NA, a L'Ecuyer-CMRG RNG seed is randomly created. If none of the function calls .f(.x[[ii]], ...) uses random number generation, then seed = FALSE may be used.

In addition to the above, it is possible to specify a pre-generated sequence of RNG seeds as a list such that length(seed) == length(.x) and where each element is an integer seed that can be assigned to .Random.seed. Use this alternative with caution. Note that as.list(seq_along(.x)) is not a valid set of such .Random.seed values.

In all cases but seed = FALSE, the RNG state of the calling R processes after this function returns is guaranteed to be "forwarded one step" from the RNG state that was before the call and in the same way regardless of seed, scheduling and future strategy used. This is done in order to guarantee that an R script calling future_map() multiple times should be numerically reproducible given the same initial seed.

furrr documentation built on May 2, 2019, 1:04 p.m.