plot.cimg: Display an image using base graphics

Description Usage Arguments See Also Examples

View source: R/cimg_class.R

Description

If you want to control precisely how numerical values are turned into colours for plotting, you need to specify a colour scale using the colourscale argument (see examples). Otherwise the default is "gray" for grayscale images, "rgb" for colour. These expect values in [0..1], so the default is to rescale the data to [0..1]. If you wish to over-ride that behaviour, set rescale=FALSE. See examples for an explanation. If the image is one dimensional (i.e., a simple row or column image), then pixel values will be plotted as a line.

Usage

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## S3 method for class 'cimg'
plot(x, frame, xlim = c(1, width(x)), ylim = c(height(x), 1),
  xlab = "x", ylab = "y", rescale = TRUE, colourscale = NULL,
  colorscale = NULL, interpolate = TRUE, axes = TRUE, main = "",
  xaxs = "i", yaxs = "i", asp = 1, col.na = rgb(0, 0, 0, 0), ...)

Arguments

x

the image

frame

which frame to display, if the image has depth > 1

xlim

x plot limits (default: 1 to width)

ylim

y plot limits (default: 1 to height)

xlab

x axis label

ylab

y axis label

rescale

rescale pixel values so that their range is [0,1]

colourscale, colorscale

an optional colour scale (default is gray or rgb)

interpolate

should the image be plotted with antialiasing (default TRUE)

axes

Whether to draw axes (default TRUE)

main

Main title

xaxs

The style of axis interval calculation to be used for the x-axis. See ?par

yaxs

The style of axis interval calculation to be used for the y-axis. See ?par

asp

aspect ratio. The default value (1) means that the aspect ratio of the image will be kept regardless of the dimensions of the plot. A numeric value other than one changes the aspect ratio, but it will be kept the same regardless of dimensions. Setting asp="varing" means the aspect ratio will depend on plot dimensions (this used to be the default in versions of imager < 0.40)

col.na

which colour to use for NA values, as R rgb code. The default is "rgb(0,0,0,0)", which corresponds to a fully transparent colour.

...

other parameters to be passed to plot.default (eg "main")

See Also

display, which is much faster, as.raster, which converts images to R raster objects

Examples

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plot(boats,main="Boats") 
plot(boats,axes=FALSE,xlab="",ylab="")

#Pixel values are rescaled to 0-1 by default, so that the following two plots are identical
plot(boats)
plot(boats/2,main="Rescaled")
#If you don't want that behaviour, you can set rescale to FALSE, but
#then you need to make sure values are in [0,1]
try(plot(boats,rescale=FALSE)) #Error!
try(plot(boats/255,rescale=FALSE)) #Works
#You can specify a colour scale if you don't want the default one.
#A colour scale is a function that takes pixels values and return an RGB code,
#like R's rgb function,e.g.
rgb(0,1,0)
#Let's switch colour channels
cscale <- function(r,g,b) rgb(b,g,r)
plot(boats/255,rescale=FALSE,colourscale=cscale)
#Display slice of HSV colour space
im <- imfill(255,255,val=1)
im <- list(Xc(im)/255,Yc(im)/255,im) %>% imappend("c")
plot(im,colourscale=hsv,rescale=FALSE,
     xlab="Hue",ylab="Saturation")
#In grayscale images, the colourscale function should take in a single value
#and return an RGB code
boats.gs <- grayscale(boats)
#We use an interpolation function from package scales
cscale <- scales::gradient_n_pal(c("red","purple","lightblue"),c(0,.5,1))
plot(boats.gs,rescale=FALSE,colourscale=cscale)
#Plot a one-dimensional image
imsub(boats,x==1) %>% plot(main="Image values along first column")
#Plotting with and without anti-aliasing:
boats.small <- imresize(boats,.3)
plot(boats.small,interp=TRUE)
plot(boats.small,interp=FALSE)

imager documentation built on May 29, 2017, 8:46 p.m.

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