# bede: Bisection Extremum Distance Estimator Method In inflection: Finds the Inflection Point of a Curve

 bede R Documentation

## Bisection Extremum Distance Estimator Method

### Description

It iterates in a way similar to the well known bisection method in root finding, with the only exception that our [a_{n},b_{n}] intervals contain the inflection point now and the rule for choosing them follows definitions and Lemmas of , .

### Usage

```bede(x, y, index)
```

### Arguments

 `x` The numeric vector of x-abscissas, must be of length at least 4. `y` The numeric vector of the noisy or not y-ordinates, must be of length at least 4. `index` If data is convex/concave then index=0 If data is concave/convex then index=1

### Details

It is the fastest solution for very large data sets, over one million rows.

### Value

It returns a list of two elements:

 `iplast` the last EDE estimation that was found `iters` a matrix with 4 columns ("n", "a", "b", "EDE") that give the number of x-y pairs used at each iteration, the [a,b] range where we searched and the EDE estimated inflection point.

### Author(s)

Demetris T. Christopoulos

### References

Demetris T. Christopoulos (2014). Developing methods for identifying the inflection point of a convex/concave curve. arXiv:1206.5478v2 [math.NA]. https://arxiv.org/pdf/1206.5478v2.pdf

Demetris T. Christopoulos (2016). On the efficient identification of an inflection point.International Journal of Mathematics and Scientific Computing, (ISSN: 2231-5330), vol. 6(1). https://veltech.edu.in/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/Paper-04-2016.pdf

See also the simple version `ede`, `edeci` and iterations plot using `findipiterplot`.

### Examples

```#
#Fisher-pry model with heavy noise, unequal spaces
#and 1 million cases:
N=10^6+1;
set.seed(2017-05-11);x=sort(runif(N,0,10));y=5+5*tanh(x-5)+runif(N,-1,1);
#
ptm <- proc.time()
tede=ede(x,y,0);tede;proc.time() - ptm
#         j1     j2      chi
# EDE 351061 648080 4.997139
# user  system elapsed
# 0.02    0.02    0.05
#
```

inflection documentation built on June 15, 2022, 5:07 p.m.