District magnitude and ethnic heterogeneity data from a pooled sample of established democracies in the 1990s. Data originally from Clark and Golder (2006).
A data frame with 754 rows and 33 variables:
year of observation
regime as of 31 Dec of given year (0=democracy, 1=dictatorship)
regime type at time of leg. election (0=democracy, 1=dictatorship)
election in 1980s closest to 1985
election in 1990s closest to 1995
elections in countries that did not transition to democracy in 1990s
average district magnitude
number of electoral districts
effective number of ethnic groups fearon
parliamentary parties - uncorrected
parliamentary parties - corrected
effective number of presidential candidates
median district magnitude
first election of new democracy
proximity - continuous
proximity - dichotomous
number of upper tier seats
percentage of uppertier seats
Clark, William R., and Matt Golder. 2006. "Rehabilitating Duverger's Theory." Comparative Political Studies 39(6): 679-708.
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