get_adjacencies: get_adjacencies

View source: R/get_adjacencies.R

get_adjacenciesR Documentation



Fast calculation of adjacencies between classes in a raster


get_adjacencies(landscape, neighbourhood = 4, what = "full", upper = FALSE)



A categorical raster object: SpatRaster; Raster* Layer, Stack, Brick; stars or a list of SpatRasters.


The number of directions in which cell adjacencies are considered as neighbours: 4 (rook's case), 8 (queen's case) or a binary matrix where the ones define the neighbourhood. The default is 4.


Which adjacencies to calculate: "full" for a full adjacency matrix, "like" for the diagonal, "unlike" for the off diagonal part of the matrix and "triangle" for a triangular matrix counting adjacencies only once.


Logical value indicating whether the upper triangle of the adjacency matrix should be returned (default FALSE).


A fast implementation with Rcpp to calculate the adjacency matrix for raster. The adjacency matrix is most often used in landscape metrics to describe the configuration of landscapes, is it is a cellwise count of edges between classes.

The "full" adjacency matrix is double-count method, as it contains the pairwise counts of cells between all classes. The diagonal of this matrix contains the like adjacencies, a count for how many edges a shared in each class with the same class.

The "unlike" adjacencies are counting the cellwise edges between different classes.


matrix with adjacencies between classes in a raster and between cells from the same class.


landscape <- terra::rast(landscapemetrics::landscape)
# calculate full adjacency matrix
get_adjacencies(landscape, 4)

# equivalent with the terra package:
adjacencies <- terra::adjacent(landscape, 1:terra::ncell(landscape), "rook", pairs = TRUE)
table(terra::values(landscape, mat = FALSE)[adjacencies[,1]],
terra::values(landscape, mat = FALSE)[adjacencies[,2]])

# count diagonal neighbour adjacencies
diagonal_matrix <- matrix(c(1,  NA,  1,
                            NA,  0, NA,
                            1,  NA,  1), 3, 3, byrow = TRUE)
get_adjacencies(landscape, diagonal_matrix)

landscapemetrics documentation built on Oct. 3, 2023, 5:06 p.m.