tau34sq.normtest: The Tau34-squared Test: A Normality Test based on L-skew and...

Description Usage Arguments Value Author(s) References See Also Examples

Description

This function performs highly intriguing test for normality using L-skew (τ_3) and L-kurtosis (τ_4) computed from an input vector of data. The test is simultaneously focused on L-skew and L-kurtosis. Harri and Coble (2011) presented two types of normality tests based on these two L-moment ratios. Their first test is dubbed the τ_3τ_4 test. Those authors however conclude that a second test dubbed the τ^2_{3,4} test “in particular shows consistently high power against [sic] symmetric distributions and also against [sic] skewed distributions and is a powerful test that can be applied against a variety of distributions.”

A sample-size transformed quantity of the sample L-skew (\hatτ_3) is

Z(τ_3) = \hatτ_3 \times \frac{1}{√{0.1866/n + 0.8/n^2}}\mathrm{,}

which has an approximate Standard Normal distribution. A sample-sized transformation of the sample L-kurtosis (\hatτ_4) is

Z(τ_4)' = \hatτ_4 \times \frac{1}{√{0.0883/n}}\mathrm{,}

which also has an approximate Standard Normal distribution. A superior approximation for the variate of the Standard Normal distribution however is

Z(τ_4) = \hatτ_4 \times \frac{1}{√{0.0883/n + 0.68/n^2 + 4.9/n^3}}\mathrm{,}

and is highly preferred for the algorithms in tau34sq.normtest.

The τ_3τ_4 test (not implemented in tau34sq.normtest) by Harri and Coble (2011) can be constructed from the Z(τ_3) and Z(τ_4) statistics as shown, and a square rejection region constructed on an L-moment ratio diagram of L-skew versus L-kurtosis. However, the preferred method is the “Tau34-squared” test τ^2_{3,4} that can be developed by expressing an ellipse on the L-moment ratio diagram of L-skew versus L-kurtosis. The τ^2_{3,4} test statistic is defined as

τ^2_{3,4} = Z(τ_3)^2 + Z(τ_4)^2\mathrm{,}

which is approximately distributed as a χ^2 distribution with two degrees of freedom. The τ^2_{3,4} also is the expression of the ellipical region on the L-moment ratio diagram of L-skew versus L-kurtosis.

Usage

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tau34sq.normtest(x, alpha=0.05, pvalue.only=FALSE, getlist=TRUE,
                    useHoskingZt4=TRUE, verbose=FALSE, digits=4)

Arguments

x

A vector of values.

alpha

The α significance level.

pvalue.only

Only return the p-value of the test and superceeds the getlist argument.

getlist

Return a list of salient parts of the computations.

useHoskingZt4

J.R.M. Hosking provided a better approximation Z(τ_4) in personal correspondance to Harri and Coble (2011) than the one Z(τ_4)' they first presented in their paper. This argument is a logical on whether this approximation should be used. It is highly recommended that useHoskingZt4 be left at the default setting.

verbose

Print a nice summary of the test.

digits

How many digits to report in the summary.

Value

An R list is returned if getlist argument is true. The list contents are

SampleTau3

The sample L-skew.

SampleTau4

The sample L-kurtosis.

Ztau3

The Z-value of τ_3.

Ztau4

The Z-value of τ_4.

Tau34sq

The τ^2_{3,4} value.

ChiSq.2df

The Chi-squared distribution nonexceedance probability.

pvalue

The p-value of the test.

isSig

A logical on whether the p-value is “statistically significant” based on the α value.

source

The source of the parameters: “tau34sq.normtest”.

Author(s)

W.H. Asquith

References

Harri, A., and Coble, K.H., 2011, Normality testing—Two new tests using L-moments: Journal of Applied Statistics, v. 38, no. 7, pp. 1369–1379.

See Also

pdfnor, plotlmrdia

Examples

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HarriCoble <- tau34sq.normtest(rnorm(20), verbose=TRUE)
## Not run: 
# If this basic algorithm is run repeatedly with different arguments,
# then the first three rows of table 1 in Harri and Coble (2011) can
# basically be repeated. Testing by WHA indicates that even better
# empirical alphas will be computed compared to those reported in that table 1.
# R --vanilla --silent --args n 20 s 100 < t34.R
# Below is file t34.R
library(batch) # for command line argument parsing
a <- 0.05; n <- 50; s <- 5E5 # defaults
parseCommandArgs() # it will echo out those arguments on command line
sims <- sapply(1:s, function(i) {
          return(tau34sq.normtest(rnorm(n),
                 pvalue.only=TRUE)) })
p <- length(sims[sims <= a])
print("RESULTS(Alpha, SampleSize, EmpiricalAlpha)")
print(c(a, n, p/s))

## End(Not run)

lmomco documentation built on Nov. 17, 2017, 7:25 a.m.