grangertest: Test for Granger Causality

View source: R/grangertest.R

grangertestR Documentation

Test for Granger Causality


grangertest is a generic function for performing a test for Granger causality.


## Default S3 method:
grangertest(x, y, order = 1, na.action = na.omit, ...)
## S3 method for class 'formula'
grangertest(formula, data = list(), ...)



either a bivariate series (in which case y has to be missing) or a univariate series of observations.


a univariate series of observations (if x is univariate, too).


integer specifying th order of lags to include in the auxiliary regression.


a function for eliminating NAs after aligning the series x and y.


further arguments passed to waldtest.


a formula specification of a bivariate series like y ~ x.


an optional data frame containing the variables in the model. By default the variables are taken from the environment which grangertest is called from.


Currently, the methods for the generic function grangertest only perform tests for Granger causality in bivariate series. The test is simply a Wald test comparing the unrestricted model—in which y is explained by the lags (up to order order) of y and x—and the restricted model—in which y is only explained by the lags of y.

Both methods are simply convenience interfaces to waldtest.


An object of class "anova" which contains the residual degrees of freedom, the difference in degrees of freedom, Wald statistic and corresponding p value.

See Also

waldtest, ChickEgg


## Which came first: the chicken or the egg?
grangertest(egg ~ chicken, order = 3, data = ChickEgg)
grangertest(chicken ~ egg, order = 3, data = ChickEgg)

## alternative ways of specifying the same test
grangertest(ChickEgg, order = 3)
grangertest(ChickEgg[, 1], ChickEgg[, 2], order = 3)

lmtest documentation built on March 22, 2022, 1:06 a.m.