alignTime: Align time data at a given state or event

Description Usage Arguments Value Author(s) References See Also Examples

View source: R/longCatEDA_0.31.r

Description

Align time and event.times at a given state in y or event. All options can also be called via longCatPlot.

Usage

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alignTime(y, times, 
  which.state=NULL, nth.state=NULL, not.state=FALSE,
  events=NULL, event.times=NULL, 
  which.event=NULL, nth.event=NULL, not.event=FALSE)

Arguments

y

see y for longCat.

times

see times for longCat.

which.state

the state in y on which to align times (and if given, event.times). If which.state is given, which.event must be NULL.

nth.state

the nth occurrence of which.state on which to align times (and if given, event.times). If nth.state is given, nth.event must be NULL.

not.state

instead of aligning at the nth state, align at the nth non-instance of which.state.

events

see events for longCat.

event.times

see events.times for longCat.

which.event

the event in events on which to align times and event.times. If which.event is given, which.state must be NULL.

nth.event

the nth occurrence of which.event on which to align times and event.times. If nth.event is given, nth.state must be NULL.

not.event

instead of aligning at the nth event, align at the nth non-instance of which.event.

Value

alignTime returns a list with two objects:

aligned.times

The times matrix aligned at the nth.state of which.state.

aligned.event.times

The event.times matrix aligned at the nth.event of which.event.

Author(s)

Stephen Tueller

References

Tueller, S. J., Van Dorn, R. A., & Bobashev, G. V. (2016). Visualization of categorical longitudinal and times series data (Report No. MR-0033-1602). Research Triangle Park, NC: RTI Press. http://www.rti.org/publication/visualization-categorical-longitudinal-and-times-series-data

See Also

longCatPlot to plot longCat objects created by the longCat function.

Examples

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# illustrate individually varying times of observation 
set.seed(642531)
y <- matrix(sample(1:5, 500, replace=TRUE), 100, 5)
set.seed(963854)
times <- matrix(runif(600, 1, 3), 100, 6)
# times must be cumulative
times <- t(apply(times, 1, cumsum))
# align at the 2nd instance of state 3
times23 <- alignTime(y, times, which.state=3, nth.state=2)$aligned.times
# plotting
labels <- c('Street', 'Drug Tx', 'Jail', 'Prison', 'Unknown')
lc   <- longCat(y, times=times, Labels=labels)
lc23 <- longCat(y, times=times23, Labels=labels)
par(mfrow=c(3,1), bg='cornsilk3')
longCatPlot(lc, main='Raw Times', legendBuffer=.5, ylab='')
longCatPlot(lc23, main='Aligned: 2nd Intsance of Jail',
            xlab='Days Since 2nd Instance of Jail (via alignTime)', 
            legendBuffer=.5, ylab='')
# repeat calling alignment from longCatPlot, not quite identical due to sorting
# on unaligned data
longCatPlot(lc, main='Aligned: 2nd Instance of Jail (via longCatPlot)', legendBuffer=.5, 
            which.state=3, nth.state=2, ylab='', xlab='Days Since 2nd Instance of Jail')
par(mfrow=c(1,1), bg='transparent')            

# illustrate the adding event indicators
set.seed(45962)
events <- matrix(sample(1:3, 200, replace=TRUE), 100, 2)
set.seed(23498)
event.times <- matrix(sample(c(times), 200, replace=FALSE), 100, 2)
# align at the 1st instance of event 2
alignedTimes <- alignTime(y, times, events=events, event.times=event.times, 
                           which.event=2, nth.event=1)
times12       <- alignedTimes$aligned.times
event.times12 <- alignedTimes$aligned.event.times
# plotting
eventLabels=c('Arrest', 'Drug Test', 'Hearing')
lc <- longCat(y, times=times, Labels=labels,  
              events=events, event.times=event.times, 
              eventLabels=eventLabels)
lc12 <- longCat(y, times=times12, Labels=labels,  
                events=events, event.times=event.times12, 
                eventLabels=eventLabels)
par(mfrow=c(2,1), bg='cornsilk3', mar=c(5.1, 4.1, 4.1, 12.1), xpd=TRUE)
cols <- longCatPlot(lc, legendBuffer=.5,
                    main='Superimpose Events', ylab='')
cols <- longCatPlot(lc12, , legendBuffer=.5,
                    main='Aligned: 1st Drug Test',
                    xlab='Days Since 1st Drug Test', ylab='')
legend(15.5, 50, legend=lc$eventLabels, pch=1:length(lc$eventLabels))
par(mfrow=c(1,1), bg='transparent', mar = c(5, 4, 4, 2) + 0.1, xpd=FALSE)

longCatEDA documentation built on May 29, 2017, 9:26 p.m.