checkPolygonsHoles: Check holes in Polygons objects

Description Usage Arguments Details Value Author(s) Examples

View source: R/checkHoles.R

Description

The function checks holes in Polygons objects. Use of the rgeos package functions is prefered, and if rgeos is available, they will be used automatically. In this case, member Polygon objects are checked against each other for containment, and the returned Polygons object has component hole slots set appropriately. In addition, the output Polygons object may be provided with a comment string, encoding the external and internal rings. For gpclib use, see details below.

Usage

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checkPolygonsHoles(x, properly=TRUE, avoidGEOS=FALSE, useSTRtree=FALSE)
gpclibPermitStatus()
gpclibPermit()
rgeosStatus()

Arguments

x

An Polygons object as defined in package sp

properly

default TRUE, use gContainsProperly rather than gContains

avoidGEOS

default FALSE; if TRUE force use of gpclib even when rgeos is available

useSTRtree

default FALSE, if TRUE, use rgeos STRtree in checking holes, which is much faster, but uses a lot of memory and does not release it on completion (work in progress)

Details

If the gpclib package is used, an intersection between a gpc.poly object with one or more polygon contours and its bounding box is used to set the hole flag. The function will set single polygon contours to hole=FALSE, and if multiple polygon contours are holes, will set them TRUE. The gpclibPermit function is used to choose to permit the use of gpclib if installed, and gpclibPermitStatus reports its status. The licence for gpclib is not Free or Open Source and explicitly forbids commercial use. See library(help=gpclib).

Value

An Polygons object re-created from the input object.

Author(s)

Roger Bivand

Examples

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if (rgeosStatus()) {
nc1 <- readShapePoly(system.file("shapes/sids.shp", package="maptools")[1],
 proj4string=CRS("+proj=longlat +ellps=clrk66"))
pl <- slot(nc1, "polygons")
sapply(slot(pl[[4]], "Polygons"), function(x) slot(x, "hole"))
pl[[4]] <- Polygons(list(slot(pl[[4]], "Polygons")[[1]],
 Polygon(slot(slot(pl[[4]], "Polygons")[[2]], "coords"), hole=TRUE),
 slot(pl[[4]], "Polygons")[[3]]), slot(pl[[4]], "ID"))
sapply(slot(pl[[4]], "Polygons"), function(x) slot(x, "hole"))
pl_new <- lapply(pl, checkPolygonsHoles)
sapply(slot(pl_new[[4]], "Polygons"), function(x) slot(x, "hole"))
srs <- slot(slot(pl[[1]], "Polygons")[[1]], "coords")
hle2 <- structure(c(-81.64093, -81.38380, -81.34165, -81.66833, -81.64093, 
 36.57865, 36.57234, 36.47603, 36.47894, 36.57865), .Dim = as.integer(c(5, 2)))
hle3 <- structure(c(-81.47759, -81.39118, -81.38486, -81.46705, -81.47759, 
 36.56289, 36.55659, 36.49907, 36.50380, 36.56289), .Dim = as.integer(c(5, 2)))
x <- Polygons(list(Polygon(srs), Polygon(hle2), Polygon(hle3)),
 ID=slot(pl[[1]], "ID"))
sapply(slot(x, "Polygons"), function(x) slot(x, "hole"))
res <- checkPolygonsHoles(x)
sapply(slot(res, "Polygons"), function(x) slot(x, "hole"))
## Not run: 
opar <- par(mfrow=c(1,2))
SPx <- SpatialPolygons(list(x))
plot(SPx)
text(t(sapply(slot(x, "Polygons"), function(i) slot(i, "labpt"))),
 labels=sapply(slot(x, "Polygons"), function(i) slot(i, "hole")), cex=0.6)
title(xlab="Hole slot values before checking")
SPres <- SpatialPolygons(list(res))
plot(SPres)
text(t(sapply(slot(res, "Polygons"), function(i) slot(i, "labpt"))),
 labels=sapply(slot(res, "Polygons"), function(i) slot(i, "hole")), cex=0.6)
title(xlab="Hole slot values after checking")
par(opar)
p1 <- Polygon(cbind(x=c(0, 0, 10, 10, 0), y=c(0, 10, 10, 0, 0))) # I
p2 <- Polygon(cbind(x=c(3, 3, 7, 7, 3), y=c(3, 7, 7, 3, 3))) # H
p8 <- Polygon(cbind(x=c(1, 1, 2, 2, 1), y=c(1, 2, 2, 1, 1))) # H
p9 <- Polygon(cbind(x=c(1, 1, 2, 2, 1), y=c(5, 6, 6, 5, 5))) # H
p3 <- Polygon(cbind(x=c(20, 20, 30, 30, 20), y=c(20, 30, 30, 20, 20))) # I
p4 <- Polygon(cbind(x=c(21, 21, 29, 29, 21), y=c(21, 29, 29, 21, 21))) # H
p14 <- Polygon(cbind(x=c(21, 21, 29, 29, 21), y=c(21, 29, 29, 21, 21))) # H
p5 <- Polygon(cbind(x=c(22, 22, 28, 28, 22), y=c(22, 28, 28, 22, 22))) # I
p15 <- Polygon(cbind(x=c(22, 22, 28, 28, 22), y=c(22, 28, 28, 22, 22))) # I
p6 <- Polygon(cbind(x=c(23, 23, 27, 27, 23), y=c(23, 27, 27, 23, 23))) # H
p7 <- Polygon(cbind(x=c(13, 13, 17, 17, 13), y=c(13, 17, 17, 13, 13))) # I
p10 <- Polygon(cbind(x=c(24, 24, 26, 26, 24), y=c(24, 26, 26, 24, 24))) # I
p11 <- Polygon(cbind(x=c(24.25, 24.25, 25.75, 25.75, 24.25),
 y=c(24.25, 25.75, 25.75, 24.25, 24.25))) # H
p12 <- Polygon(cbind(x=c(24.5, 24.5, 25.5, 25.5, 24.5),
 y=c(24.5, 25.5, 25.5, 24.5, 24.5))) # I
p13 <- Polygon(cbind(x=c(24.75, 24.75, 25.25, 25.25, 24.75),
 y=c(24.75, 25.25, 25.25, 24.75, 24.75))) # H
lp <- list(p1, p2, p13, p7, p6, p5, p4, p3, p8, p11, p12, p9, p10, p14, p15)
#           1   2    3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11  12   13   14   15
#           0   1   11   0   6   0   8   0   1   13    0   1    0  (7)  (6)
#           I   H    H   I   H   I   H   I   H    H    I   H    I   ?    ?
pls <- Polygons(lp, ID="1")
comment(pls)
pls1 <- checkPolygonsHoles(pls)
comment(pls1)
opar <- par(mfrow=c(1,2))
plot(SpatialPolygons(list(pls)), col="magenta", pbg="cyan", usePolypath=FALSE)
title(xlab="Hole slot values before checking")
plot(SpatialPolygons(list(pls1)), col="magenta", pbg="cyan", usePolypath=FALSE)
title(xlab="Hole slot values after checking")
par(opar)

## End(Not run)
}

Example output

Loading required package: sp
Checking rgeos availability: FALSE
 	Note: when rgeos is not available, polygon geometry 	computations in maptools depend on gpclib,
 	which has a restricted licence. It is disabled by default;
 	to enable gpclib, type gpclibPermit()

maptools documentation built on Sept. 7, 2021, 5:09 p.m.