LU: LU Decomposition

Description Usage Arguments Details Value Author(s) Examples

View source: R/LU.R

Description

LU computes the LU decomposition of a matrix, A, such that P A = L U, where L is a lower triangle matrix, U is an upper triangle, and P is a permutation matrix.

Usage

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LU(A, b, tol = sqrt(.Machine$double.eps), verbose = FALSE, ...)

Arguments

A

coefficient matrix

b

right-hand side vector. When supplied the returned object will also contain the solved d and x elements

tol

tolerance for checking for 0 pivot

verbose

logical; if TRUE, print intermediate steps

...

additional arguments passed to showEqn

Details

The LU decomposition is used to solve the equation A x = b by calculating L(Ux - d) = 0, where Ld = b. If row exchanges are necessary for A then the permutation matrix P will be required to exchange the rows in A; otherwise, P will be an identity matrix and the LU equation will be simplified to A = L U.

Value

A list of matrix components of the solution, P, L and U. If b is supplied, the vectors d and x are also returned.

Author(s)

Phil Chalmers

Examples

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  A <- matrix(c(2, 1, -1,
               -3, -1, 2,
               -2,  1, 2), 3, 3, byrow=TRUE)
  b <- c(8, -11, -3)
  (ret <- LU(A)) # P is an identity; no row swapping
  with(ret, L %*% U) # check that A = L * U
  LU(A, b)
  
  LU(A, b, verbose=TRUE)
  LU(A, b, verbose=TRUE, fractions=TRUE)

  # permutations required in this example
  A <- matrix(c(1,  1, -1,
                2,  2,  4,
                1, -1,  1), 3, 3, byrow=TRUE)
  b <- c(1, 2, 9)
  (ret <- LU(A, b))
  with(ret, P %*% A)
  with(ret, L %*% U)

matlib documentation built on April 4, 2018, 5:03 p.m.