rowadd: Add multiples of rows to other rows

Description Usage Arguments Details Value See Also Examples

View source: R/rowops.R

Description

The elementary row operation rowadd adds multiples of one or more rows to other rows of a matrix. This is usually used as a means to solve systems of linear equations, of the form A x = b, and rowadd corresponds to adding equals to equals.

Usage

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rowadd(x, from, to, mult)

Arguments

x

a numeric matrix, possibly consisting of the coefficient matrix, A, joined with a vector of constants, b.

from

the index of one or more source rows. If from is a vector, it must have the same length as to.

to

the index of one or more destination rows

mult

the multiplier(s)

Details

The functions rowmult and rowswap complete the basic operations used in reduction to row echelon form and Gaussian elimination. These functions are used for demonstration purposes.

Value

the matrix x, as modified

See Also

echelon, gaussianElimination

Other elementary row operations: rowmult, rowswap

Examples

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A <- matrix(c(2, 1, -1,
             -3, -1, 2,
             -2,  1, 2), 3, 3, byrow=TRUE)
b <- c(8, -11, -3)

# using row operations to reduce below diagonal to 0
Ab <- cbind(A, b)
(Ab <- rowadd(Ab, 1, 2, 3/2))  # row 2 <- row 2 + 3/2 row 1
(Ab <- rowadd(Ab, 1, 3, 1))    # row 3 <- row 3 + 1 row 1
(Ab <- rowadd(Ab, 2, 3, -4))   # row 3 <- row 3 - 4 row 2
# multiply to make diagonals = 1
(Ab <- rowmult(Ab, 1:3, c(1/2, 2, -1)))
# The matrix is now in triangular form

# Could continue to reduce above diagonal to zero
echelon(A, b, verbose=TRUE, fractions=TRUE)

matlib documentation built on April 4, 2018, 5:03 p.m.