benchmark: Benchmark Multiple Learners on Multiple Tasks

Description Usage Arguments Value Parallelization Logging Note Examples

View source: R/benchmark.R

Description

Runs a benchmark on arbitrary combinations of tasks (Task), learners (Learner), and resampling strategies (Resampling), possibly in parallel.

Usage

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benchmark(design, store_models = FALSE)

Arguments

design

:: data.frame()
Data frame (or data.table::data.table()) with three columns: "task", "learner", and "resampling". Each row defines a resampling by providing a Task, Learner and an instantiated Resampling strategy. The helper function benchmark_grid() can assist in generating an exhaustive design (see examples) and instantiate the Resamplings per Task.

store_models

:: logical(1)
Keep the fitted model after the test set has been predicted? Set to TRUE if you want to further analyse the models or want to extract information like variable importance.

Value

BenchmarkResult.

Parallelization

This function can be parallelized with the future package. One job is one resampling iteration, and all jobs are send to an apply function from future.apply in a single batch. To select a parallel backend, use future::plan().

Logging

The mlr3 uses the lgr package for logging. lgr supports multiple log levels which can be queried with getOption("lgr.log_levels").

To suppress output and reduce verbosity, you can lower the log from the default level "info" to "warn":

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lgr::get_logger("mlr3")$set_threshold("warn")

To get additional log output for debugging, increase the log level to "debug" or "trace":

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lgr::get_logger("mlr3")$set_threshold("debug")

To log to a file or a data base, see the documentation of lgr::lgr-package.

Note

The fitted models are discarded after the predictions have been scored in order to reduce memory consumption. If you need access to the models for later analysis, set store_models to TRUE.

Examples

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# benchmarking with benchmark_grid()
tasks = lapply(c("iris", "sonar"), tsk)
learners = lapply(c("classif.featureless", "classif.rpart"), lrn)
resamplings = rsmp("cv", folds = 3)

design = benchmark_grid(tasks, learners, resamplings)
print(design)

set.seed(123)
bmr = benchmark(design)

## data of all resamplings
head(as.data.table(bmr))

## aggregated performance values
aggr = bmr$aggregate()
print(aggr)

## Extract predictions of first resampling result
rr = aggr$resample_result[[1]]
as.data.table(rr$prediction())

# benchmarking with a custom design:
# - fit classif.featureless on iris with a 3-fold CV
# - fit classif.rpart on sonar using a holdout
tasks = list(tsk("iris"), tsk("sonar"))
learners = list(lrn("classif.featureless"), lrn("classif.rpart"))
resamplings = list(rsmp("cv", folds = 3), rsmp("holdout"))

design = data.table::data.table(
  task = tasks,
  learner = learners,
  resampling = resamplings
)

## instantiate resamplings
design$resampling = Map(
  function(task, resampling) resampling$clone()$instantiate(task),
  task = design$task, resampling = design$resampling
)

## run benchmark
bmr = benchmark(design)
print(bmr)

## get the training set of the 2nd iteration of the featureless learner on iris
rr = bmr$aggregate()[learner_id == "classif.featureless"]$resample_result[[1]]
rr$resampling$train_set(2)

mlr3 documentation built on Oct. 30, 2019, 12:14 p.m.