mvMAPIT: Multivariate Genome Wide Marginal Epistasis Test

Epistasis, commonly defined as the interaction between genetic loci, is known to play an important role in the phenotypic variation of complex traits. As a result, many statistical methods have been developed to identify genetic variants that are involved in epistasis, and nearly all of these approaches carry out this task by focusing on analyzing one trait at a time. Previous studies have shown that jointly modeling multiple phenotypes can often dramatically increase statistical power for association mapping. In this package, we present the 'multivariate MArginal ePIstasis Test' ('mvMAPIT') – a multi-outcome generalization of a recently proposed epistatic detection method which seeks to detect marginal epistasis or the combined pairwise interaction effects between a given variant and all other variants. By searching for marginal epistatic effects, one can identify genetic variants that are involved in epistasis without the need to identify the exact partners with which the variants interact – thus, potentially alleviating much of the statistical and computational burden associated with conventional explicit search based methods. Our proposed 'mvMAPIT' builds upon this strategy by taking advantage of correlation structure between traits to improve the identification of variants involved in epistasis. We formulate 'mvMAPIT' as a multivariate linear mixed model and develop a multi-trait variance component estimation algorithm for efficient parameter inference and P-value computation. Together with reasonable model approximations, our proposed approach is scalable to moderately sized genome-wide association studies. Crawford et al. (2017) <doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1006869>. Stamp et al. (2023) <doi:10.1093/g3journal/jkad118>.

Package details

AuthorJulian Stamp [cre, aut] (<>), Lorin Crawford [aut] (<>)
MaintainerJulian Stamp <>
LicenseGPL (>= 3)
Package repositoryView on CRAN
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mvMAPIT documentation built on Sept. 26, 2023, 9:07 a.m.