glmtree: Generalized Linear Model Trees

View source: R/glmtree.R

glmtreeR Documentation

Generalized Linear Model Trees


Model-based recursive partitioning based on generalized linear models.


glmtree(formula, data, subset, na.action, weights, offset, cluster,
  family = gaussian, epsilon = 1e-8, maxit = 25, method = "", ...)



symbolic description of the model (of type y ~ z1 + ... + zl or y ~ x1 + ... + xk | z1 + ... + zl; for details see below).

data, subset, na.action

arguments controlling formula processing via model.frame.


optional numeric vector of weights. By default these are treated as case weights but the default can be changed in mob_control.


optional numeric vector with an a priori known component to be included in the model y ~ x1 + ... + xk (i.e., only when x variables are specified).


optional vector (typically numeric or factor) with a cluster ID to be employed for clustered covariances in the parameter stability tests.

family, method

specification of a family and fitting method for glm.

epsilon, maxit

control parameters passed to glm.control.


optional control parameters passed to mob_control.


Convenience interface for fitting MOBs (model-based recursive partitions) via the mob function. glmtree internally sets up a model fit function for mob, using Then mob is called using the negative log-likelihood as the objective function.

Compared to calling mob by hand, the implementation tries to avoid unnecessary computations while growing the tree. Also, it provides a more elaborate plotting function.


An object of class glmtree inheriting from modelparty. The info element of the overall party and the individual nodes contain various informations about the models.


Zeileis A, Hothorn T, Hornik K (2008). Model-Based Recursive Partitioning. Journal of Computational and Graphical Statistics, 17(2), 492–514.

See Also

mob, mob_control, lmtree


if(require("mlbench")) {

## Pima Indians diabetes data
data("PimaIndiansDiabetes", package = "mlbench")

## recursive partitioning of a logistic regression model
pid_tree2 <- glmtree(diabetes ~ glucose | pregnant +
  pressure + triceps + insulin + mass + pedigree + age,
  data = PimaIndiansDiabetes, family = binomial)

## printing whole tree or individual nodes
print(pid_tree2, node = 1)

## visualization
plot(pid_tree2, tp_args = list(cdplot = TRUE))
plot(pid_tree2, terminal_panel = NULL)

## estimated parameters
coef(pid_tree2, node = 5)
summary(pid_tree2, node = 5)

## deviance, log-likelihood and information criteria

## different types of predictions
pid <- head(PimaIndiansDiabetes)
predict(pid_tree2, newdata = pid, type = "node")
predict(pid_tree2, newdata = pid, type = "response")
predict(pid_tree2, newdata = pid, type = "link")


partykit documentation built on April 14, 2023, 5:09 p.m.