binned_residuals: Binned residuals for binomial logistic regression

View source: R/binned_residuals.R

binned_residualsR Documentation

Binned residuals for binomial logistic regression


Check model quality of binomial logistic regression models.


binned_residuals(model, term = NULL, n_bins = NULL, ...)



A glm-object with binomial-family.


Name of independent variable from x. If not NULL, average residuals for the categories of term are plotted; else, average residuals for the estimated probabilities of the response are plotted.


Numeric, the number of bins to divide the data. If n_bins = NULL, the square root of the number of observations is taken.


Currently not used.


Binned residual plots are achieved by “dividing the data into categories (bins) based on their fitted values, and then plotting the average residual versus the average fitted value for each bin.” (Gelman, Hill 2007: 97). If the model were true, one would expect about 95% of the residuals to fall inside the error bounds.

If term is not NULL, one can compare the residuals in relation to a specific model predictor. This may be helpful to check if a term would fit better when transformed, e.g. a rising and falling pattern of residuals along the x-axis is a signal to consider taking the logarithm of the predictor (cf. Gelman and Hill 2007, pp. 97-98).


A data frame representing the data that is mapped in the accompanying plot. In case all residuals are inside the error bounds, points are black. If some of the residuals are outside the error bounds (indicated by the grey-shaded area), blue points indicate residuals that are OK, while red points indicate model under- or over-fitting for the relevant range of estimated probabilities.


binned_residuals() returns a data frame, however, the print() method only returns a short summary of the result. The data frame itself is used for plotting. The plot() method, in turn, creates a ggplot-object.


Gelman, A., and Hill, J. (2007). Data analysis using regression and multilevel/hierarchical models. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press.


model <- glm(vs ~ wt + mpg, data = mtcars, family = "binomial")
result <- binned_residuals(model)

# look at the data frame

# plot
if (require("see")) {

performance documentation built on Nov. 25, 2022, 9:08 a.m.