processx_connections: Processx connections

conn_create_fdR Documentation

Processx connections

Description

These functions are currently experimental and will change in the future. Note that processx connections are not compatible with R's built-in connection system.

Usage

conn_create_fd(fd, encoding = "", close = TRUE)

conn_file_name(con)

conn_create_pipepair(encoding = "", nonblocking = c(TRUE, FALSE))

conn_read_chars(con, n = -1)

## S3 method for class 'processx_connection'
conn_read_chars(con, n = -1)

processx_conn_read_chars(con, n = -1)

conn_read_lines(con, n = -1)

## S3 method for class 'processx_connection'
conn_read_lines(con, n = -1)

processx_conn_read_lines(con, n = -1)

conn_is_incomplete(con)

## S3 method for class 'processx_connection'
conn_is_incomplete(con)

processx_conn_is_incomplete(con)

conn_write(con, str, sep = "\n", encoding = "")

## S3 method for class 'processx_connection'
conn_write(con, str, sep = "\n", encoding = "")

processx_conn_write(con, str, sep = "\n", encoding = "")

conn_create_file(filename, read = NULL, write = NULL)

conn_set_stdout(con, drop = TRUE)

conn_set_stderr(con, drop = TRUE)

conn_get_fileno(con)

conn_disable_inheritance()

## S3 method for class 'processx_connection'
close(con, ...)

processx_conn_close(con, ...)

is_valid_fd(fd)

Arguments

fd

Integer scalar, a Unix file descriptor.

encoding

Encoding of the readable connection when reading.

close

Whether to close the OS file descriptor when closing the connection. Sometimes you want to leave it open, and use it again in a conn_create_fd call. Encoding to re-encode str into when writing.

con

Processx connection object.

nonblocking

Whether the pipe should be non-blocking. For conn_create_pipepair() it must be a logical vector of length two, for both ends of the pipe.

n

Number of characters or lines to read. -1 means all available characters or lines.

str

Character or raw vector to write.

sep

Separator to use if str is a character vector. Ignored if str is a raw vector.

filename

File name. For conn_create_pipe() on Windows, a \\?\pipe prefix is added to this, if it does not have such a prefix. For conn_create_pipe() it can also be NULL, in which case a random file name is used via tempfile().

read

Whether the connection is readable.

write

Whethe the connection is writeable.

drop

Whether to close the original stdout/stderr, or keep it open and return a connection to it.

...

Extra arguments, for compatibility with the close() generic, currently ignored by processx.

Details

conn_create_fd() creates a connection from a file descriptor.

conn_file_name() returns the name of the file associated with the connection. For connections that do not refer to a file in the file system it returns NA_character(). Except for named pipes on Windows, where it returns the full name of the pipe.

conn_create_pipepair() creates a pair of connected connections, the first one is writeable, the second one is readable.

conn_read_chars() reads UTF-8 characters from the connections. If the connection itself is not UTF-8 encoded, it re-encodes it.

conn_read_lines() reads lines from a connection.

conn_is_incomplete() returns FALSE if the connection surely has no more data.

conn_write() writes a character or raw vector to the connection. It might not be able to write all bytes into the connection, in which case it returns the leftover bytes in a raw vector. Call conn_write() again with this raw vector.

conn_create_file() creates a connection to a file.

conn_set_stdout() set the standard output of the R process, to the specified connection.

conn_set_stderr() set the standard error of the R process, to the specified connection.

conn_get_fileno() return the integer file desciptor that belongs to the connection.

conn_disable_inheritance() can be called to disable the inheritance of all open handles. Call this function as soon as possible in a new process to avoid inheriting the inherited handles even further. The function is best effort to close the handles, it might still leave some handles open. It should work for stdin, stdout and stderr, at least.

is_valid_fd() returns TRUE if fd is a valid open file descriptor. You can use it to check if the R process has standard input, output or error. E.g. R processes running in GUI (like RGui) might not have any of the standard streams available.

If a stream is redirected to the null device (e.g. in a callr subprocess), that is is still a valid file descriptor.

Examples

is_valid_fd(0L)      # stdin
is_valid_fd(1L)      # stdout
is_valid_fd(2L)      # stderr

processx documentation built on Oct. 26, 2022, 5:07 p.m.