lambdap R Documentation

## The lambda prime distribution.

### Description

Density, distribution function, quantile function and random generation for the lambda prime distribution.

### Usage

dlambdap(x, df, t, log = FALSE, order.max=6)

plambdap(q, df, t, lower.tail = TRUE, log.p = FALSE, order.max=6)

qlambdap(p, df, t, lower.tail = TRUE, log.p = FALSE, order.max=6)

rlambdap(n, df, t)


### Arguments

 x, q vector of quantiles. df the degrees of freedom in the chi square. This is not recycled against the x,q,p,n. t the scaling parameter on the chi. This is not recycled against the x,q,p,n. log logical; if TRUE, densities f are given as \mbox{log}(f). order.max the order to use in the approximate density, distribution, and quantile computations, via the Gram-Charlier, Edeworth, or Cornish-Fisher expansion. p vector of probabilities. n number of observations. log.p logical; if TRUE, probabilities p are given as \mbox{log}(p). lower.tail logical; if TRUE (default), probabilities are P[X \le x], otherwise, P[X > x].

### Details

Suppose y \sim \chi^2\left(\nu\right), and Z is a standard normal.

T = Z + t \sqrt{y/\nu}

takes a lambda prime distribution with parameters \nu, t. A lambda prime random variable can be viewed as a confidence level on a non-central t because

t = \frac{Z' + T}{\sqrt{y/\nu}}

### Value

dlambdap gives the density, plambdap gives the distribution function, qlambdap gives the quantile function, and rlambdap generates random deviates.

Invalid arguments will result in return value NaN with a warning.

### Note

The PDF, CDF, and quantile function are approximated, via the Edgeworth or Cornish Fisher approximations, which may not be terribly accurate in the tails of the distribution. You are warned.

The distribution parameters are not recycled with respect to the x, p, q or n parameters, for, respectively, the density, distribution, quantile and generation functions. This is for simplicity of implementation and performance. It is, however, in contrast to the usual R idiom for dpqr functions.

### Author(s)

Steven E. Pav shabbychef@gmail.com

### References

Lecoutre, Bruno. "Another look at confidence intervals for the noncentral t distribution." Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods 6, no. 1 (2007): 107–116. https://digitalcommons.wayne.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1128&context=jmasm

Lecoutre, Bruno. "Two useful distributions for Bayesian predictive procedures under normal models." Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference 79 (1999): 93–105.

t distribution functions, dt, pt, qt, rt, K prime distribution functions, dkprime, pkprime, qkprime, rkprime, upsilon distribution functions, dupsilon, pupsilon, qupsilon, rupsilon,

### Examples

rv <- rlambdap(100, 50, t=0.01)
d1 <- dlambdap(1, 50, t=0.01)
pv <- plambdap(rv, 50, t=0.01)
qv <- qlambdap(ppoints(length(rv)), 50, t=1)



sadists documentation built on Aug. 22, 2023, 1:06 a.m.