# lev_inf: Leverage and influence in simple linear regression movie In smovie: Some Movies to Illustrate Concepts in Statistics

 lev_inf R Documentation

## Leverage and influence in simple linear regression movie

### Description

A movie to examine the influence of a single outlying observation on a least squares regression line.

### Usage

``````lev_inf(
association = c("positive", "negative", "none"),
n = 25,
panel_plot = TRUE,
hscale = NA,
vscale = hscale
)
``````

### Arguments

 `association` A character scalar. Determines the type of association between (not-outlying) observations: "positive" for positive linear association; "negative" negative linear association; "none" for no association. `n` An integer scalar. The size of the sample of (non-outlying) observations. `panel_plot` A logical parameter that determines whether the plot is placed inside the panel (`TRUE`) or in the standard graphics window (`FALSE`). If the plot is to be placed inside the panel then the tkrplot library is required. `hscale`, `vscale` Numeric scalars. Scaling parameters for the size of the plot when `panel_plot = TRUE`. The default values are 1.4 on Unix platforms and 2 on Windows platforms.

### Details

`n` pairs of observations are simulated with the property that the mean of response variable `y` is a linear function of the values of the explanatory variable `x`. These pairs of observations are plotted using filled black circles. An extra observation is plotted using a filled red circle. Initially this observation is placed in the middle of the plot.

Superimposed on the plot are two least squares regression lines: one based on all the data ('with observation') and one in which the 'red' observation has been removed ('without observation'). Initially these lines coincide.

The location of the ‘red’ observation can be changed using the +/- buttons so that the effect of the position of this observation on the ‘with observation’ line can be seen.

We see that if the red observation is outlying, that is, it is far from the least squares line fitted to the other observations, then its influence on the least squares regression line depends on its x-coordinate. If its x-coordinate is much larger or smaller than the x-coordinate of the other observations (high leverage) then the influence is higher than if it has a similar x-coordinate to the other observations (low leverage). An observation with high leverage does not necessarily have high influence: if its y-coordinate falls very close to the regression line fitted to the other observations then its influence will be low.

### Value

Nothing is returned, only the animation is produced.

`movies`: a user-friendly menu panel.

`smovie`: general information about smovie.

### Examples

``````# Positive association
lev_inf()

# No association
lev_inf(association = "none")
``````

smovie documentation built on May 29, 2024, 10:28 a.m.