str_locate: Locate the position of patterns in a string.

Description Usage Arguments Value See Also Examples

Description

Vectorised over string and pattern. If the match is of length 0, (e.g. from a special match like $) end will be one character less than start.

Usage

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str_locate(string, pattern)

str_locate_all(string, pattern)

Arguments

string

Input vector. Either a character vector, or something coercible to one.

pattern

Pattern to look for.

The default interpretation is a regular expression, as described in stringi::stringi-search-regex. Control options with regex().

Match a fixed string (i.e. by comparing only bytes), using fixed(). This is fast, but approximate. Generally, for matching human text, you'll want coll() which respects character matching rules for the specified locale.

Match character, word, line and sentence boundaries with boundary(). An empty pattern, "", is equivalent to boundary("character").

Value

For str_locate, an integer matrix. First column gives start postion of match, and second column gives end position. For str_locate_all a list of integer matrices.

See Also

str_extract() for a convenient way of extracting matches, stringi::stri_locate() for the underlying implementation.

Examples

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fruit <- c("apple", "banana", "pear", "pineapple")
str_locate(fruit, "$")
str_locate(fruit, "a")
str_locate(fruit, "e")
str_locate(fruit, c("a", "b", "p", "p"))

str_locate_all(fruit, "a")
str_locate_all(fruit, "e")
str_locate_all(fruit, c("a", "b", "p", "p"))

# Find location of every character
str_locate_all(fruit, "")

Example output

     start end
[1,]     6   5
[2,]     7   6
[3,]     5   4
[4,]    10   9
     start end
[1,]     1   1
[2,]     2   2
[3,]     3   3
[4,]     5   5
     start end
[1,]     5   5
[2,]    NA  NA
[3,]     2   2
[4,]     4   4
     start end
[1,]     1   1
[2,]     1   1
[3,]     1   1
[4,]     1   1
[[1]]
     start end
[1,]     1   1

[[2]]
     start end
[1,]     2   2
[2,]     4   4
[3,]     6   6

[[3]]
     start end
[1,]     3   3

[[4]]
     start end
[1,]     5   5

[[1]]
     start end
[1,]     5   5

[[2]]
     start end

[[3]]
     start end
[1,]     2   2

[[4]]
     start end
[1,]     4   4
[2,]     9   9

[[1]]
     start end
[1,]     1   1

[[2]]
     start end
[1,]     1   1

[[3]]
     start end
[1,]     1   1

[[4]]
     start end
[1,]     1   1
[2,]     6   6
[3,]     7   7

[[1]]
     start end
[1,]     1   1
[2,]     2   2
[3,]     3   3
[4,]     4   4
[5,]     5   5

[[2]]
     start end
[1,]     1   1
[2,]     2   2
[3,]     3   3
[4,]     4   4
[5,]     5   5
[6,]     6   6

[[3]]
     start end
[1,]     1   1
[2,]     2   2
[3,]     3   3
[4,]     4   4

[[4]]
      start end
 [1,]     1   1
 [2,]     2   2
 [3,]     3   3
 [4,]     4   4
 [5,]     5   5
 [6,]     6   6
 [7,]     7   7
 [8,]     8   8
 [9,]     9   9

stringr documentation built on May 2, 2019, 11:03 a.m.