env_div_survey_scheme: Environmental diversity survey scheme

Description Usage Arguments Details Value Solver References Examples

View source: R/env_div_survey_scheme.R

Description

Generate a survey scheme by maximizing the diversity of environmental conditions that are surveyed.

Usage

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
env_div_survey_scheme(
  site_data,
  cost_column,
  survey_budget,
  env_vars_columns,
  method = "mahalanobis",
  locked_in_column = NULL,
  locked_out_column = NULL,
  exclude_locked_out = FALSE,
  solver = "auto",
  verbose = FALSE
)

Arguments

site_data

sf::sf() object containing the candidate survey sites.

cost_column

character name of the column in the argument to the argument to site_data that contains the cost for surveying each site. No missing (NA) values are permitted.

survey_budget

numeric vector of maximum budgets for the survey schemes. No missing (NA) values are permitted.

env_vars_columns

character vector names of the columns in the argument to site_data that contain numeric environmental variables. No missing (NA) values are permitted.

method

character name of the distance metric to use for calculating environmental dissimilarity scores. See vegan::vegdist() documentation the method parameter for other available distance metrics and more information. No missing (NA) values are permitted. Defaults to "mahalanobis" for Mahalanobis distances.

locked_in_column

character (optional) name of the column in the argument to site_data that contains logical (TRUE/ FALSE) values indicating if certain sites should be locked into the survey scheme. No missing (NA) values are permitted. Defaults to NULL such that no sites are locked in.

locked_out_column

character (optional) name of the column in the argument to site_data that contains logical (TRUE/ FALSE) values indicating if certain sites should be locked out of the survey scheme. No missing (NA) values are permitted. Defaults to NULL such that no sites are locked out.

exclude_locked_out

logical should locked out planning units be entirely excluded from the optimization process? Defaults to FALSE.

solver

character name of the optimization solver to use for generating survey schemes. Available options include: "Rsymphony", "gurobi" and "auto". The "auto" method will use the Gurobi optimization software if it is available; otherwise, it will use the SYMPHONY software via the Rsymphony package. Defaults to "auto".

verbose

logical indicating if information should be printed while generating survey scheme(s). Defaults to FALSE.

Details

The integer programming formulation of the environmental diversity reserve selection problem (Faith & Walker 1996) is used to generate survey schemes.

Value

matrix of logical (TRUE/ FALSE) values indicating if a site is selected in a scheme or not. Columns correspond to sites, and rows correspond to different schemes.

Solver

This function can use the Rsymphony package and the Gurobi optimization software to generate survey schemes. Although the Rsymphony package is easier to install because it is freely available on the The Comprehensive R Archive Network (CRAN), it is strongly recommended to install the Gurobi optimization software and the gurobi R package because it can generate survey schemes much faster. Note that special academic licenses are available at no cost. Installation instructions are available online for Linux, Windows, and Mac OS operating systems.

References

Faith DP & Walker PA (1996) Environmental diversity: on the best-possible use of surrogate data for assessing the relative biodiversity of sets of areas. Biodiversity & Conservation, 5, 399–415.

Examples

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
# set seed for reproducibility
set.seed(123)

# simulate data
 x <- sf::st_as_sf(
   tibble::tibble(x = rnorm(4), y = rnorm(4),
                  v1 = c(0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 10), # environmental axis 1
                  v2 = c(0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 10), # environmental axis 2
                  cost = rep(1, 4)),
    coords = c("x", "y"))

# plot the sites' environmental conditions
plot(x[, c("v1", "v2")], pch = 16, cex = 3)

# generate scheme with a budget of 2
s <- env_div_survey_scheme(x, "cost", 2, c("v1", "v2"), "mahalanobis")

# print scheme
print(s)

# plot scheme
x$scheme <- c(s)
plot(x[, "scheme"], pch = 16, cex = 3)

surveyvoi documentation built on May 31, 2021, 9:07 a.m.