survivalROC.C: Time-dependent ROC curve estimation from censored survival...

Description Usage Arguments Details Value Author(s) References Examples

Description

This function creates time-dependent ROC curve from censored survival data using the Nearest Neighbor Estimation (NNE) method of Heagerty, Lumley and Pepe, 2000

Usage

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survivalROC.C(Stime,status,marker,predict.time,span)

Arguments

Stime

Event time or censoring time for subjects

status

Indicator of status, 1 if death or event, 0 otherwise

marker

Predictor or marker value

predict.time

Time point of the ROC curve

span

Span for the NNE

Details

Suppose we have censored survival data along with a baseline marker value and we want to see how well the marker predicts the survival time for the subjects in the dataset. In particular, suppose we have survival times in days and we want to see how well the marker predicts the one-year survival (PredictTime=365 days). This function returns the unique marker values, sensitivity (True positive or TP), (1-specificity) (False positive or FP) and Kaplan-Meier survival estimate corresponding to the time point of interest (PredictTime). The (FP,TP) values then can be used to construct ROC curve at the time point of interest.

Value

Returns a list of the following items:

cut.values

unique marker values for calculation of TP and FP

TP

TP corresponding to the cut off in marker

FP

FP corresponding to the cut off in marker

predict.time

time point of interest

Survival

Kaplan-Meier survival estimate at predict.time

AUC

Area Under (ROC) Curve at time predict.time

Author(s)

Patrick J. Heagerty

References

Heagerty, P.J., Lumley, T., Pepe, M. S. (2000) Time-dependent ROC Curves for Censored Survival Data and a Diagnostic Marker Biometrics, 56, 337 – 344

Examples

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data(mayo)

nobs <- NROW(mayo)
cutoff <- 365
Staltscore4 <- NULL
Mayo.fit4 <- survivalROC.C( Stime = mayo$time,  
      status = mayo$censor,      
      marker = mayo$mayoscore4,     
      predict.time = cutoff,      
      span = 0.25*nobs^(-0.20))
Staltscore4 <- Mayo.fit4$Survival
plot(Mayo.fit4$FP, Mayo.fit4$TP, type = "l",
xlim = c(0,1), ylim = c(0,1),
xlab = paste( "FP \n AUC =",round(Mayo.fit4$AUC,3)),
ylab = "TP",main = "Year = 1" )
abline(0,1)

Example output



survivalROC documentation built on May 1, 2019, 7:49 p.m.