unmarkedFrameMPois: Organize data for the multinomial-Poisson mixture model of...

Description Usage Arguments Details Value References See Also Examples

View source: R/unmarkedFrame.R

Description

Organizes count data along with the covariates. This S4 class is required by the data argument of multinomPois

Usage

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Arguments

y

An RxJ matrix of count data, where R is the number of sites (transects) and J is the maximum number of observations per site.

siteCovs

A data.frame of covariates that vary at the site level. This should have R rows and one column per covariate

obsCovs

Either a named list of RxJ data.frames or a data.frame with RxJ rows and one column per covariate. For the latter format, the covariates should be in site-major order.

type

Either "removal" for removal sampling, "double" for standard double observer sampling, or "depDouble" for dependent double observer sampling. If this argument not specified, the user must provide an obsToY matrix. See details.

obsToY

A matrix describing the relationship between obsCovs and y. This is necessary because under some sampling designs the dimensions of y do not equal the dimensions of each observation level covariate. For example, in double observer sampling there are 3 observations (seen only by observer A, detected only by observer B, and detected by both), but each observation-level covariate can only have 2 columns, one for each observer. This matrix is created automatically if type is specified.

mapInfo

Currently ignored

piFun

Function used to compute the multinomial cell probabilities from a matrix of detection probabilities. This is created automatically if type is specified.

Details

unmarkedFrameMPois is the S4 class that holds data to be passed to the multinomPois model-fitting function.

Value

an object of class unmarkedFrameMPois

References

Royle, J. A. (2004). Generalized estimators of avian abundance from count survey data. Animal Biodiversity and Conservation, 27(1), 375-386.

See Also

unmarkedFrame-class, unmarkedFrame, multinomPois, piFuns

Examples

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# Fake doulbe observer data
R <- 4 # number of sites
J <- 2 # number of observers

y <- matrix(c(
   1,0,3,
   0,0,0,
   2,0,1,
   0,0,2), nrow=R, ncol=J+1, byrow=TRUE)
y

site.covs <- data.frame(x1=1:4, x2=factor(c('A','B','A','B')))
site.covs

obs.covs <- list(
   x3 = matrix(c(
      -1,0,
      -2,0,
      -3,1,
       0,0), 
      nrow=R, ncol=J, byrow=TRUE),
   x4 = matrix(c(
      'a','b',
      'a','b',
      'a','b',
      'a','b'), 
      nrow=R, ncol=J, byrow=TRUE))
obs.covs


# Create unmarkedFrame
umf <- unmarkedFrameMPois(y=y, siteCovs=site.covs, obsCovs=obs.covs,
    type="double")
    
# The above is the same as:
o2y <- matrix(1, 2, 3)
pifun <- function(p)
{
    M <- nrow(p)
    pi <- matrix(NA, M, 3)
    pi[, 1] <- p[, 1] * (1 - p[, 2])
    pi[, 2] <- p[, 2] * (1 - p[, 1])
    pi[, 3] <- p[, 1] * p[, 2]
    return(pi)
}

umf <- unmarkedFrameMPois(y=y, siteCovs=site.covs, obsCovs=obs.covs,
    obsToY=o2y, piFun="pifun")


# Fit a model
fm <- multinomPois(~1 ~1, umf)

unmarked documentation built on May 27, 2021, 5:07 p.m.