ShakeWords: Shakespeare's Word Type Frequencies

ShakeWordsR Documentation

Shakespeare's Word Type Frequencies


This data set, from Efron and Thisted (1976), gives the number of distinct words types (Freq) of words that appeared exactly once, twice, etc. up to 100 times (count) in the complete works of Shakespeare. In these works, Shakespeare used 31,534 distinct words (types), comprising 884,647 words in total.

Efron & Thisted used this data to ask the question, "How many words did Shakespeare know?" Put another way, suppose another new corpus of works Shakespeare were discovered, also with 884,647 words. How many new word types would appear? The answer to the main question involves contemplating an infinite number of such new corpora.




A data frame with 100 observations on the following 2 variables.


the number of times a word type appeared in Shakespeare's written works


the number of different words (types) appearing with this count.


In addition to the words that appear 1:100 times, there are 846 words that appear more than 100 times, not listed in this data set.


Bradley Efron and Ronald Thisted (1976). Estimating the Number of Unseen Species: How Many Words Did Shakespeare Know? Biometrika, Vol. 63, No. 3, pp. 435-447,


## maybe str(ShakeWords) ; plot(ShakeWords) ...

vcdExtra documentation built on April 21, 2022, 5:10 p.m.