findZeros: Find zeros of functions

Description Usage Arguments Details Value Author(s) Examples

View source: R/findZeros.R

Description

Compute numerically zeros of a function or simultaneous zeros of multiple functions.

Usage

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findZeros(expr, ..., xlim = c(near - within, near + within), near = 0,
  within = Inf, nearest = 10, npts = 1000, iterate = 1,
  sortBy = c("byx", "byy", "radial"))

## S3 method for class 'formula'
solve(form, ..., near = 0, within = Inf,
  nearest = 10, npts = 1000, iterate = 1, sortBy = c("byx", "byy",
  "radial"))

Arguments

expr

A formula. The right side names the variable with respect to which the zeros should be found. The left side is an expression, e.g. sin(x) ~ x. All free variables (all but the variable on the right side) named in the expression must be assigned a value via ...

...

Formulas corresponding to additional functions to use in simultaneous zero finding and/or specific numerical values for the free variables in the expression.

xlim

The range of the dependent variable to search for zeros. Inf is a legitimate value, but is interpreted in the numerical sense as the non-Inf largest floating point number. This can also be specified replacing x with the name of the variable. See the examples.

near

a value near which zeros are desired

within

only look for zeros at least this close to near. near and within provide an alternative to using xlim to specify the search space.

nearest

the number of nearest zeros to return. Fewer are returned if fewer are found.

npts

How many sub-intervals to divide the xlim into when looking for candidates for zeros. The default is usually good enough. If Inf is involved, the intervals are logarithmically spaced up to the largest finite floating point number. There is no guarantee that all the roots will be found.

iterate

maximum number of times to iterate the search. Subsequent searches take place with the range of previously found zeros. Choosing a large number here is likely to kill performance without improving results, but a value of 1 (the default) or 2 works well when searching in c(-Inf,Inf) for a modest number of zeros near near.

sortBy

specifies how the zeros found will be sorted. Options are 'byx', 'byy', or 'radial'.

form

Expression to be solved

Details

Searches numerically using uniroot.

Uses findZerosMult of findZeros to solve the given expression

Value

A dataframe of zero or more numerical values. Plugging these into the expression on the left side of the formula should result in values near zero.

a dataframe with solutions to the expression.

Author(s)

Daniel Kaplan ([email protected])

Cecylia Bocovich

Examples

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findZeros( sin(t) ~ t, xlim=c(-10,10) )
# Can use tlim or t.lim instead of xlim if we prefer
findZeros( sin(t) ~ t, tlim=c(-10,10) )
findZeros( sin(theta) ~ theta, near=0, nearest=20)
findZeros( A*sin(2*pi*t/P) ~ t, xlim=c(0,100), P=50, A=2)
# Interval of a normal at half its maximum height.
findZeros( dnorm(x,mean=0,sd=10) - 0.5*dnorm(0,mean=0,sd=10) ~ x )
# A pathological example
# There are no "neareset" zeros for this function.  Each iteration finds new zeros.
f <- function(x) { if (x==0) 0 else sin(1/x) }
findZeros( f(x) ~ x, near=0 )
# Better to look nearer to 0
findZeros( f(x) ~ x, near=0, within=100 )
findZeros( f(x) ~ x, near=0, within=100, iterate=0 )
findZeros( f(x) ~ x, near=0, within=100, iterate=3 )
# Zeros in multiple dimensions (not run: these take a long time)
# findZeros(x^2+y^2+z^2-5~x&y&z, nearest=3000, within = 5)
# findZeros(x*y+z^2~z&y&z, z+y~x&y&z, npts=10)
solve(3*x==3~x)

# plot out sphere (not run)
# sphere = solve(x^2+y^2+z^2==5~x&y&z, within=5, nearest=1000)
# cloud(z~x+y, data=sphere)

ProjectMOSAIC/mosaic documentation built on Aug. 19, 2018, 9:14 a.m.