The goal of whoville is to provide a package country reference data published by the World Health Organization, United Nations and World Bank easily accessible in R. At the moment, this is a reference dataset and set of functions to work with country codes and names, allowing easy conversion between names and codes as well as easy access to region codes, WHO member status, and other published country metadata. This is used to assist the work of the WHO’s Division of Data, Analytics, and Delivery for Impact’s Global Programme of Work 13.
Some functions are built to help you turn names or country codes into ISO3 codes:
names_to_code()is the workhorse function that helps match country names and returns standardized country codes.
names_to_iso3()is a wrapper around
names_to_code()that automatically outputs ISO3 code.
codes_to_iso3()converts other country codes into ISO3 format.
valid_codes()lets you quickly check which country codes in a vector are recognized by the whoville package.
Other functions encourage a tidy R workflow where ISO3 codes are used as the unique identifier for each country:
iso3_to_regions()takes in a vector of ISO3 codes and returns specified region values.
iso3_to_codes()takes in a vector of ISO3 codes and returns specified country codes.
iso3_to_names()takes in a vector of ISO3 codes and returns specified country names.
is_who_member()takes in a vector of ISO3 codes and checks if they are a WHO member state or not.
is_oecd_member()takes in a vector of ISO3 codes and checks if they are an OECD member state or not.
is_gbd_high_income()takes in a vector of ISO3 codes and checks if they are classified as high-income in the 2019 GBD from IHME.
All of these functions are built on top of the
countries data frame
also exported with the package and developed off of public datasets
provided by the World Health Organization and United Nations. Details
You can install whoville from Github with:
If we have an unclean data frame with country names, we can use
names_to_codes() to match these to ISO3 codes. The function matches
the names vector across all possible names found in the
frame. ISO3 codes for exact matches are always returned, but the user
has specific options for non-exact matches. They can be fuzzy matched
(the default), always made NA, or require user input to confirm fuzzy
matching results. Fuzzy matches always return a message to the user on
the confirmed match. More details available through
library(whoville) names_to_code(c("Venezuela", "Arentina", "afghanist")) #> 'arentina' has no exact match. Closest name found was 'argentina'. #> 'afghanist' has no exact match. Closest name found was 'afghanistan'. #>  "VEN" "ARG" "AFG"
Since these functions are vectorized, we can easily use them in a normal
workflow, especially if we’re using the
tidyverse. Below, we can clean
up our tidy names and get the correct UN region and income group for our
countries, as well as its name in Chinese:
library(dplyr) df <- data.frame(c_names = c("Venezuela", "Arentina", "afghanist")) df %>% mutate(iso3 = names_to_code(c_names), un_region = iso3_to_regions(iso3, region = "un_region"), wb_ig = iso3_to_regions(iso3, region = "wb_ig"), name_zh = iso3_to_names(iso3, org = "un", language = "zh")) #> c_names iso3 un_region wb_ig name_zh #> 1 Venezuela VEN 19 UMC 委内瑞拉玻利瓦尔共和国 #> 2 Arentina ARG 19 UMC 阿根廷 #> 3 afghanist AFG 142 LIC 阿富汗
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