#' @title Ward aggregation measures between singletons
#' @description This function calculates the Ward aggregation measures between pairs of singletons. 
#' @param D a object of class "dist" with the dissimilarities between the n obsevations. 
#' The function \code{\link{as.dist}} can be used to transform an object of class matrix to object of class "dist".
#' @param wt vector with the weights of the observations. By default, wt=NULL corresponds to
#' the case where all observations are weighted by 1/n.
#' @return Returns an object of class dist with the Ward aggregation measures between the n singletons.
#' @details The Ward agreggation measure between to singletons i and j weighted by wi and wj is : (wiwj)/(wi+wj)dij^2
#' where dij is the dissimilarity between i and j. 
#' @references 
#' M. Chavent, V. Kuentz-Simonet, A. Labenne, J. Saracco. ClustGeo: an R package
#' for hierarchical clustering with spatial constraints.
#' Comput Stat (2018) 33: 1799-1822. 
#' @export

wardinit <- function(D,wt=NULL) {
  n <- as.integer(attr(D, "Size"))
  if (is.null(n)) 
    stop("invalid dissimilarities",call.=FALSE)
  if (is.null(wt)) delta <- D^2/(2*n) else
    delta <-  as.matrix(D)
    delta <-sweep(delta^2, 1, FUN="*", STATS=wt)
    delta <-sweep(delta, 2, FUN="*", STATS=wt)
    S <- matrix(rep(wt,n),n,n)
    delta <- delta/(S+t(S))
chavent/ClustGeo documentation built on May 6, 2019, 7:28 a.m.